SART Toolkit Index | National Sexual Violence Resource Center (NSVRC) Skip to main content
Get Help Escape
English Spanish

Sexual Assault Response Team Toolkit

SECTION 1: About the Toolkit

I. Welcome to the SART Toolkit

A. A Note About Language

B. Creation of the SART Toolkit

C. Who Should Use the SART Toolkit?

D. Why Use the SART Toolkit?

E. Acknowledgments

1. SART Toolkit Project Team

a. National Sexual Violence Resource Center

b. Office for Victims of Crime

2. SART Toolkit Advisory Committee

3. Special Thanks to the Robust Reviewers

4. Other Supporting Organizations

5. Video Subjects

SECTION 2: Learn About SARTs

I. What SARTs Should Know About Sexual Violence

A. Legal Definitions of Sexual Assault and SARTs

1. Federal Criminal Code

B. Defining Consent

1. Consent in Court

C. Understanding National Sexual Assault Data

1. Sexual Assault Laws and Statutes Resources

2. Policy Resources for Schools and Universities

3. Consent Resources

4. Prosecution Resources

5. Statistics

D. Understanding the Effects and Costs of Sexual Assault

1. Understanding How Victims React to Trauma

a. Brain-Based Responses to Trauma

b. Introduction to the Science of Stress, Trauma, and Memory

c. Understanding the Science of Stress, Trauma, and Memory

d. Triggers

e. Emotional Response

f. Coping Strategies

g. Trauma-Informed Response

i. How to Build Trauma-Informed Care into Practice

ii. Trauma-Informed Approach Resources

h. Neurobiology of Sexual Assault Resources

i. Resilience Resources for Victims

j. Trauma Response Resources for SARTs

k. Technical Assistance Providers on Trauma

2. Psychological Costs for Victims

3. Physical Costs for Victims

4. Economic Costs for Victims and Communities

a. Economic Impact Resources

II. What Is a Sexual Assault Response Team?

A. SARTs as the Model Response

1. SART Resources

B. Challenges SARTs Experience

C. SARTs and the Victim-Centered Approach

1. Victim-Centered Resources

D. Offender-Focused Response

E. Systems Change

1. Why Should SARTs Do Systems Change?

2. Systems Change, Not Victim Change

3. How Can SARTs Approach Systems Change?

4. Research and Evaluation Support Systems Change

5. Systems Change Examples

6. Systems Change Resources

7. Models for Systems Change

F. Federal Support

G. National Technical Assistance Providers

III. History of SARTs

A. Legislative Reforms

B. SART History

1. In the 1970s

a. SART Initiatives

2. In the 1980s

a. SART Initiatives

3. In the 1990s

a. SART Initiatives

4. In the 21st Century

a. SART Initiatives

5. SART History Resources

SECTION 3: Build Your SART

I. Build Your SART

A. Form a Planning Team

1. Is My Community Ready for a SART?

2. Defining Vision, Mission, and Goals

3. An Agency"s Potential SART Members

4. Support of Local Leaders

5. Current Services for Victims

6. Current Resources Available to the Team

B. Define the SART's Jurisdiction

1. Rural Jurisdictions

2. Urban Jurisdictions

3. Tribal Jurisdictions

4. Multi-Jurisdictional Considerations

C. Community Needs Assessment

1. Why Perform a Community Needs Assessment with Professionals, Survivors, and Community Members?

2. Planning for a Community Needs Assessment

a. Hiring a Consultant

b. Community Needs Assessment Plan

i. Related to the Assessment Plan

ii. Information Related to Victim Rights and Safety

iii. Information Related to the Team

iv. Information Related to Data Collection and Analysis

v. Information Related to the Assessment Plan and Summary or Final Report

c. Community Assessment Resources

d. Needs Assessment Guidelines

3. The Community Profile: Existing Demographic + Agency Data

a. Gathering Demographic Data

i. Demographic Resources

b. Gathering Agency or Program Data

c. Facilitating a Focus Group or Listening Forum

d. Listening to Community Members

e. Listening to Survivors

i. Facilitation Guidelines for Listening Forums with Survivors and Community Members

ii. Preparing a Listening Forum

iii. Staffing a Listening Forum

iv. Facilitating a Listening Forum

v. Developing a Summary of Listening Forum Responses

4. Data Analysis

a. The Community Needs Assessment Report

5. Listening Forum Resources

6. Needs Assessment Resources

7. Adapting the Needs Assessment Process to Diverse Communities

a. Needs Assessments for Specific Populations

II. Building Relationships

A. Community Engagement: Increasing Readiness for Engagement

B. SART Meeting Dynamics and Relationships

1. How SARTs Determine Which Relationships to Build

2. Develop an Outreach Plan

3. Increase Buy-In

4. Collaboration Resources

C. Communication Standards

1. Ethics

a. SART Code of Ethics

b. Ethics and the Law

c. Ethics Resources

2. Victim Safety, Technology, and Communication

a. Security

b. Efficacy

c. Evidence

d. Consequences of Sharing Information

e. Communication with Victims

f. Consider the Impact of Your Words

g. Establishing SART “Turf” Relative to Communication

h. Effective Virtual Team Communication

i. Shared Language

j. “Turf” Issue Resources

k. Plain/Shared Language Resources

l. Remote Communication Resources

m. Develop Common Definitions

III. SART Membership

A. Forming Your SART: Determining Membership

1. Adding Members

a. Potential Team Members

b. SART Formation Resources

2. Victim Advocates

a. Systems-Based Advocates

i. Systems-Based Advocates’ Roles and Responsibilities

ii. Systems-Based Advocates, Privacy and Privilege

iii. Resources on Systems-Based Advocates

b. Community-Based Advocates

i. Community-Based Advocates’ Roles and Responsibilities

ii. Crisis Intervention

iii. Medical Accompaniment

iv. Accompaniment During Law Enforcement Interviews

v. Legal Accompaniment

c. Differences Between Community-Based and Systems-Based Advocates

d. Advocate Resources

e. Databases and Directories Resources

f. Safety Planning Resources

g. Service Provider Resources

3. Law Enforcement

a. Law Enforcement Jurisdictions

b. Law Enforcement Buy-In

c. SART Makeup

i. Dispatchers / Communications Staff

ii. Responding Officers

iii. Investigating Officers

iv. U.S. Border Patrol Officers

v. Federal Bureau of Investigation

vi. Park Rangers

d. Law Enforcement Technical Assistance Providers

e. Law Enforcement Resources

4. Sexual Assault Forensic Examiners

a. Health Care Providers

b. Victims'Practical Needs

c. Follow-up Care

d. Campus-Based Sexual Assault Care Settings

e. Military Sexual Assault Care Settings

f. Hospital Buy-In

g. Health Care Provider Resources

h. Establishing Programs

i. Health Care Confidentiality

ii. Consent for Care by Medical Providers

iii. Forms

i. Crisis Intervention

i. Exam Sites

ii. Hospital Settings

j. SAFE/SANE Sustainability

i. SART Support for SAFE Programs

ii. SARTs Without SAFEs

iii. SAFE Sustainability Resources

5. Prosecutors

a. Overview of Prosecution

b. Prosecutor Responsibility to Victims

c. Prosecution Role and Responsibilities in a SART

d. Engaging Prosecutors in the SART

e. SART Benefits for Prosecutors

f. Securing Prosecutor Participation

g. Challenges for Prosecutors: Brady Rule

h. Prosecutor Resources

i. Technical Assistance Providers for Prosecutors

6. EMS Personnel

a. Emergency Medical Services

b. Sample EMS Protocol

c. EMS Resources

IV. Set up a Leadership Structure

A. Team Roles

1. Coordinator Activities

a. If SART Members Take Coordinator Role

2. Facilitator Activities

3. Chairperson Activities

4. Fiscal Agent Activities

5. Subject Matter Expert(s) Activities

6. Member Agency Leadership Activities

a. Working as a Leadership Team

b. Leadership Turnover

c. Leadership Resources

V. Confidentiality

A. Why is Confidentiality So Important to SARTs?

1. Benefits to the SART

B. Ethical Decisions Related to Case Review

C. Understanding Privacy, Confidentiality, and Privilege

D. Confidentiality as Conflict for SARTs

1. Active Case Management

2. Case Review

3. Systems Consultation: Problem Solving

4. A Note About Side Conversations

E. Confidentiality: A Framework for SARTs

1. SART Confidentiality Framework: KNOW

a. Federal Laws on Confidentiality

i. How HIPAA Affects SARTs

ii. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)

b. State, Tribal, Territorial, and District of Columbia Laws

c. Funder Restrictions

d. Written Releases of Information

e. Policies

f. Licensure and Certification Requirements

g. Serving All Victims

h. Victim Advocate Resources

i. Consent & Privacy Resources

j. HIPAA Resources

k. SART Recordkeeping

i. Electronic Recordkeeping

ii. Police Data Initiatives and Open Data

iii. Data Security Resources

2. SART Confidentiality Framework: PLAN

3. SART Confidentiality Framework: PAUSE

4. Discussing Case Information: A Flowchart for SARTs

5. Confidentiality Resources

SECTION 4: Meeting Logistics

I. SART Formation

A. Strategic Planning

1. Strategic Planning Resources

2. Developing Vision and Mission Statements

a. Vision Statements

i. Writing a Vision Statement

b. Mission Statements

i. Writing a Mission Statement

c. Vision and Mission Statement Resources

3. Planning: Defining Goals and Objectives

a. Goals

i. Goal Resources

b. Objectives

i. Action Plan

B. SART Sustainability

1. Sustainability Strategies

2. SART Sustainability Resources

a. Collaboration Resources

b. Nonprofit Management Resources

c. Team Capacity-Building Resources

d. Volunteer Resources

C. Funding a SART

1. Potential Funding Sources

a. Private Grant Funding Sources

2. Fundraising Activities That Educate and Inform

3. Funding Opportunities for SARTs

4. Grant Writing Resources

II. SART Operations

A. SART Meeting Logistics

1. Conducting Successful Team Meetings

2. Meeting Frequency, Time, and Place

a. Virtual Meetings

3. Agendas: Critical Meeting Tool

a. Develop the Agenda

b. Determining Discussion Items for Agenda

4. SART Meeting Resources

5. Meeting Minutes

a. SARTS and the Freedom of Information Act

6. Facilitating a Meeting

a. Creating Successful Team Norms

b. Promoting Teamwork

c. Creative Thinking

d. Decision-Making

i. The Decision-Making Process

ii. Decision-Making Strategies

iii. Follow-Through on a Decision

e. Conflict Resolution

i. Tips for Conflict Resolution

ii. Evaluate the Cause of Conflict

7. Meeting Follow-Up

8. Keep the Momentum

9. Multidisciplinary Collaboration and Meeting Resources

B. Conducting Case Reviews

1. Purpose of Case Reviews

2. Ready for Case Review?

3. Case Selections

4. How to Do a Case Review

a. Effective Case Review

b. Language and Bias

i. Language and Bias in Case Review

ii. Gender Bias and Language Use Resources

5. Positive Outcomes of Case Review

6. Case Review Resources

C. SART Protocol

1. What Is a Protocol?

2. Issues to Consider When Creating a Protocol

3. The Importance of SART Protocol

4. Protocol and Memorandums of Understanding (MOUs)

5. SART Protocol Benefits for Victims

6. Readiness for Protocol Development

a. Defining Issues to Be Addressed in Protocol

7. Protocol Development

8. Protocol Implementation

9. Sample Protocols

a. Statewide Sexual Assault Response Protocols

b. City, County, and Regional Sexual Assault Response Protocols

c. Tribal Sexual Assault Response Protocols

d. Specific Population Sexual Assault Response Protocols

10. Protocol Development Resources

D. Supporting Prevention Through Community Engagement

1. Community Voices

2. Foundations of Prevention

3. Community Engagement: Increasing Readiness for Prevention

4. Prevention Resources

5. Community Engagement Resources

6. Social Marketing and Public Awareness Campaigns

E. Vicarious Trauma

1. Symptoms of Vicarious Trauma

2. Risk Factors

3. Managing Vicarious Trauma

4. Vicarious Trauma Resources

a. Vicarious Trauma Self-Assessment Resources

F. Working with the Media

1. How to Respond to Media Requests

2. Tips for Working with the Media

3. How Sexual Assault Is Represented in the Media

4. Sexual Assault Resources for the Media

5. Resources on SARTs Working with the Media

6. Examples of SARTs in the News

G. Logic Models and Evaluation

1. Logic Models

a. Why Create a Logic Model for SART Work?

b. How Does a SART Create a Logic Model?

c. Logic Model Resources

2. Evaluation

a. Why Should SARTs Incorporate Evaluation into their Practices?

b. Gathering Stakeholders for Evaluation Planning

i. Stakeholder Engagement Resources

c. What Is an Evaluation Plan?

d. Who Conducts the Evaluation?

e. What Should You Evaluate?

f. Types of Evaluation

i. Process Evaluation

1) Process Evaluation Resources

ii. Outcome Evaluation

g. Evaluation Resources

h. SART-Related Outcomes

i. SART Indicators of Success

i. Using your Program Planning Logic Model to Establish Your Evaluation Indicators

ii. Multidisciplinary, Team-Level Evaluation

1) Advocacy Response Evaluation

j. Sample Measurement Tools

i. Medical Response Evaluation

1) Sample Measurement Tools for Medical Processionals

ii. Law Enforcement Response Evaluation

iii. Prosecution Response Services Evaluation

k. Data Collection

i. Types of Data to Collect

ii. Data Collection Methods

iii. Document Review

iv. Data Collection Resources

1) Questionnaires and Surveys

2) Victim Surveys

3) Predevelopment Questions

4) Survey Development

l. Sample Measurement Tools and Resources

i. Interviews

1) Interview Tips

2) Resources for Conducting Interviews

3) Sample Measurement Tools for Group Interviews

ii. Focus Groups

1) Focus Group Tips

2) Focus Group Resources

iii. Observation

1) Observation Tips

2) Observation Resources 

iv. Sample Measurement Tools

m. Ethical Considerations

i. Victims’ Voices

ii. Confidentiality and Informed Consent

1) Not All Situations Require Consent Forms

2) Children as Participants (Under 18 Years Old)

iii. Ethical Evaluation Resources

n. Data Analysis and Management

i. Data Analysis Resources

ii. Discussing Findings with Your Team

iii. Sharing Evaluation Findings

iv. Public Reporting Process Resources

o. Sustainable Evaluation Efforts

i. Continuous Quality Improvement

1) Who Does CQI?

2) When to Do CQI

ii. Maintaining Anonymous Evaluation Resources

iii. Overcoming the Costs of Evaluation

iv. Organizations to Assist with Evaluation

v. Data Collection and Evaluation Resources

SECTION 5: Responding to Reports of Sexual Assault

I. Critical Issues in Responding to Reports of Sexual Assault

A. Receiving a Report of Sexual Assault

1. Timeline Considerations for a Report of Sexual Assault

B. Reporting via Technology

C. Reporting Resources

1. Survivor Technology

II. Investigative Response by Law Enforcement

A. SART Policy

B. Trauma-Informed Care Resources

III. Technology and Sexual Assault Cases

A. Applications (Apps)

B. Digital Evidence

1. Digital Evidence Resources

C. Technical Assistance and Training Providers

IV. Intimate Partner Sexual Violence

A. Intimate Partner Sexual Violence Resources

1. Training on IPSV

2. Tools Related to IPSV

3. IPSV Technical Assistance Providers

4. IPSV Resources for Health Care Providers

5. IPSV Campus Health Center Resources

V. Drug-Facilitated and Alcohol-Facilitated Sexual Assault

A. What SARTs Need to Know About DFSA and AFSA

B. Toxicology Screening

C. Criminal Justice Implications in DFSA or AFSA Cases

D. Alcohol- and Drug-Facilitated Sexual Assault Resources

1. Prosecuting Alcohol- and Drug-Facilitated Sexual Assault

2. Drug Information

3. DFSA/AFSA Protocols, Tips, and Guidelines

4. Toxicology TA Providers

5. Sample Toxicology Request Forms

VI. The Use of Body-Worn Cameras in Sexual Assault Cases

A. Camera Activation

B. Community Relationships

C. Case Outcomes

D. Body-Worn Camera Policies and Protocol

E. Body-Worn Camera Resources

VII. Lethality Assessment

A. The Lethality Assessment Program

1. LAP Resources

2. LAP Technical Assistance Providers

3. LAP Resources for the Legal System

4. Lethality Screening Assessments

VIII. Strangulation

A. Strangulation in SART Protocols

B. Training for SART Members

C. Strangulation Resources

1. Strangulation Resources for Medical Professionals

2. Strangulation Resources for Advocates

3. Strangulation Resources for Law Enforcement

4. Strangulation Resources for Prosecutors

5. Strangulation Training Resources

6. Strangulation Technical Assistance Providers

7. Strangulation Statute Resources

IX. The Sexual Assault Forensic Examination

A. SAFE Resources

B. SAFE Components and Processes

C. Knowing the Basics About DNA

D. SART Coordination to Support Medical Care

E. Role of Exam Findings in Case Investigation and Prosecution

F. Chain of Custody for the Sexual Assault Kit

G. Determining Which Kits Are Tested

H. Sexual Assault Kit Tracking Systems

I. What Is CODIS?

1. CODIS Resources

J. Challenges with Sexual Assault Evidence Collection Kits (SAK)

1. Backlogged Kits

a. Examples of SAK Reform Initiatives

K. Resources on SAFE Protocols and Guideline

1. Forensic Compliance Resources

2. Forensic Examiner Resources

3. Medical Forensic Exam and Kit Resources

4. Role of the SAFE in the Criminal Justice Process

5. SAK Resources

6. SAK Evidence

L. Victim Choice

M. Victim Notification

1. Victim Notification Resources

N. Crime Victim Compensation

1. SARTs and Crime Victim Compensation

2. Crime Victim Compensation Resources

X. Closed-Circuit Television

A. Closed-Circuit Television Resources

XI. Victim Impact Statements

A. Victim Impact Statement Resources

XII. Expert Testimony

A. Relevance

B. Qualifications

C. Reliability

D. Assists the Jury

E. Using an Expert

F. SART Role with Regard to Expert Testimony

G. Expert Witness Resources

XIII. Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act (EMTALA)

A. EMTALA Resources

XIV. Sexual Assault and Post Exposure Prophylaxis: What SARTs Need to Know

A. If a Victim Chooses PEP

B. HIV and PEP Resources

C. Technical Assistance Providers on HIV Infection

XV. Human Trafficking

A. What Is Human Trafficking?

B. Perpetrators of Human Trafficking

C. Victims of Human Trafficking

D. SART Identification of Victims of Human Trafficking

1. Identifying Human Trafficking: Indicators

2. Identifying Human Trafficking: Barriers

3. Identifying Human Trafficking: Screening

E. Meeting the Needs of Victims

F. SART Response to Trafficking

G. Human Trafficking Resources

1. Government Resources for Human Trafficking

2. Human Trafficking Service Providers

3. Human Trafficking Resources for Law Enforcement

4. Human Trafficking Screening Tools/Assessments

5. Human Trafficking Resources for Health Care Providers

6. Human Trafficking Resources for Legal Service Providers

7. Human Trafficking Awareness Resources

SECTION 6: Victim-Centered Approaches

I. Culture and Diversity

A. Culture and Diversity Resources

II. Cultural Responsiveness

A. Meeting Victims’ Needs

B. Bolster Your Efforts to Meet Diverse Needs

C. Historical Trauma

1. Historical Trauma Resources

D. Culturally Specific Technical Assistance Providers

III. Meeting Needs for Language Assistance

A. Developing a Language Access Plan

B. Hiring an Interpreter or Translator

1. Interpreter Services

2. Translation Services

C. SARTs and Language Access

D. Language Assistance Services for the Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing and Other Individuals with Disabilities

E. Serving Victims' Literacy Needs

1. Literacy and Language Access

F. Technical Assistance Providers

G. Language Access Resources

1. Language Access in Courts

2. Language Access in Public Safety Agencies

3. Language Access Standards

4. Training for SARTs Working with Language Access Services

5. Choosing a Language Access Service

6. Language Access for Health Care Settings

7. Language Access Related to Literacy Levels

IV. Sexual Violence and Faith

A. Healing Through a Faith Tradition

1. Faith Traditions Can be Assets or Roadblocks

B. Building Partnerships with Faith Communities

1. Building Bridges

2. Educational Initiatives

3. Interfaith Training

C. Faith and Sexual Violence Resources

1. Faith-Based Technical Assistance Providers

V. Cultural and Ethnic Communities

A. American Indians and Alaskan Natives (AI/AN)

1. Barriers to Services for AI/AN Individuals

a. Roots of AI/AN Mistrust of Service Providers

b. Seeking Medical Care

c. Fear of Retaliation

d. Confidentiality

e. Location and Access

f. Relationships

g. Access to Advocates

2. Tribal Considerations

3. Alaskan Native Communities

a. Alaska SART Resources

4. Elder AI/AN Victims

5. Two-Spirit/LGBTQ Victims

6. Tribal SARTs

a. A Tribal SART May Be a Cross-Jurisdictional SART

b. Developing a SART in a Tribal Community

c. Incorporating a Tribe in a Mainstream SART

7. Legislation Affecting AI/AN Rights Related to Sexual Assault Prosecution

a. Jurisdictional Considerations

b. Resources for Determining Jurisdiction

c. Future Legislation

8. Resources for Tribal SARTS

a. Resources for AI/AN Victims

b. Tribal Jurisdiction Resources

c. Historical Trauma Resources

d. Response to Tribal Sexual Assault Resources

e. Sample Guidelines/Protocols for Indian Country

f. American Indian/Alaskan Native Technical Assistance Providers

B. Asian and Pacific Islanders (API)

1. API Immigrant Communities

2. Sexual Assault Underreported in the API Community

3. Obstacles to Reporting or Seeking Help for Sexual Assault

4. API Individuals and HIV

5. How Best to Support an API Immigrant and Refugee Victim

a. Explain the Victim’s Decisions

b. Discuss Realistic Outcomes

6. Outreach to the API Community

7. API Resources

8. API Technical Assistance Providers

C. Latin@/x/Hispanic Communities

1. Culture and Language

2. Services for Latin@/x Victims

3. Child Sexual Abuse in the Latin@/x Community

4. Outreach and Including Latin@/x Voices in the SART

5. Latin@/x Community Resources

a. Resources for SARTs Working with Latin@/x Victims

b. Resources for Victims

c. Latin@/x Technical Assistance Providers

D. African American/Black Communities

1. Incidence and Prevalence of Sexual Assault

2. Help-Seeking and Reporting in Black Communities

3. Community Outreach and Engagement

4. Recommendations for Promising Practices

5. African American/Black Community Resources

a. Resources for Working with Communities of Color

b. Racism and Oppression Resources

c. Resources on Race as a Social Construct

d. Criminal Justice System Resources

e. Health Care and Racism Resources

f. Activism Resources

g. Film Resources

h. Programs and Technical Assistance Providers Representing Communities of Color

VI. Victims Who Have Disabilities

A. Defining Disability

B. Complying with the Americans with Disabilities Act

C. Understanding Disabilities Within State Sexual Assault Statutes

D. Guardianship, Powers of Attorney, and Other Limits on Decision-Making

E. Serving People with Disabilities

1. People-First Language

2. Taking Cues from Victims

3. Service Appointments

4. Effective Communication

5. Sensory Disabilities and Communication

6. Individuals with Mental Health Disabilities

7. Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities

8. Friends, Family, and Caregivers

9. Service Providers’ Responsibility

F. Resources

1. General Resources for Working with Individuals with Disabilities

2. Resources on the Deaf Community

3. Brain Injury Resources

4. Cognitive Disabilities Resources

5. Resources for Specific Communities

6. Training Materials for Working with Individuals with Disabilities

7. Tools for Working with Individuals with Disabilities

8. Disabilities Technical Assistance Providers

VII. HIV-Affected Communities

A. Working with HIV-Affected Communities Resources

VIII. Gender and Sexual Identity

A. LGBTQ Victims

1. Barriers Specific to LGBTQ Individuals

2. Working with LGBTQ Victims

3. Collaboration with LGBTQ Anti-Violence Organizations

4. Hate Violence (Hate Crimes)

a. Hate Violence Resources

5. Language of Gender and Sexuality

6. Gender and Sexuality Resources

a. Response to LGBTQ Victims Resources

b. Services for LGBTQ Victims Resources

c. Policy, Practice, and Protocol Resources

d. LGBTQ People of Color Resources

e. Resources for LGBTQ Victims

f. Transgender Resources

g. LGBTQ Technical Assistance Providers

B. Male Victims

1. Barriers to Reporting for Male Victims

2. Serving Male Victims of Sexual Assault

3. Male Survivor Technical Assistance Providers

4. Technical Assistance Providers for Men Victimized as Adults

5. Male Survivor Resources

IX. Across the Lifespan

A. Victims of Sexual Assault Who Are Minors

1. National Technical Assistance Providers on Child Sexual Abuse

2. Resources for Child Victims of Sexual Assault

B. Adolescent Victims

1. Defining Adolescence

2. Adolescent Brain Development

3. Barriers to Reporting and SART Response for Adolescents

4. Technology and Sexual Assault Against Teens

5. Scope of Service Provision to Teens

a. Know Health Care and Mandatory Reporting Laws Specific to Teen Victims

b. Mandatory Reporting in Cases Involving Adolescent Victims

c. Know State Sexual Assault Laws

6. Adolescent Victim Resources

a. Pediatric Resources

C. Elder Victims of Sexual Assault

1. What Does “Elder” or “Later in Life” Mean?

2. Defining Elder Sexual Assault

3. Nature of Elder Sexual Assault

4. Mandatory Reporting in Elder Cases

5. Services for Victims Later in Life

6. Collaborating with Community Service Providers

7. Elder Victims Resources

a. Resources for Advocates Working with Elder Victims

b. Resources for Health Care Professionals Working with Elder Victims

c. Resources for Prosecutors Serving Elder Victims

d. Resources for Law Enforcement Working with Elder Victims

X. Location-Specific Communities

A. United States Territories

1. Incidence and Prevalence of Sexual Violence

2. Challenges Confronting Victims

3. Existing SARTs in the U.S. Territories

4. U.S. Territory Resources

a. Territory Contacts

B. Rural SARTs

1. Defining Rural

2. Realities of Rural SART Work

3. Considerations After SART Formation

4. Rural Community Technical Assistance Providers

5. Rural Community Resources

a. Rural SART Resources

C. Sexual Assault of Americans Overseas

1. Americans Abroad

2. Resources for Americans Assaulted Abroad

a. Study/Travel Abroad Resources

b. Aid Worker Resources

c. Cruise Ship Resources

d. Peace Corps Resources

XI. System-Based Communities

A. Campus Sexual Assault

1. Campus Anti-Violence Movement

2. Prevalence of Campus Sexual Assault

3. International Students

4. Media Attention to Campus Sexual Assault

5. Federal Legislation and Guidance

a. Legislation

b. Guidance

6. State Legislation Affecting Campuses

7. Assessing Campus Climate on Sexual Assault

a. Campus Climate Survey Resources

8. Campus Policy and Protocol Regarding Sexual Assault

9. Supporting Victims on Campus

10. Campus and Community Collaboration

11. Promoting Public Awareness on Campus

12. Medical Treatment Concerns Specific to Campus

13. Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act

14. Campus SART Resources

15. Campus Police Resources

16. Campus Technical Assistance Providers

B. Sexual Abuse in Incarceration

1. Prison Rape Elimination Act

2. Defining Sexual Assault in Prisons and Jails

3. SARTs Working with Incarcerated Victims

a. Institutional-Based SART Resources

4. SART Roles in Working with Incarcerated Victims

a. Law Enforcement’s Role

b. Correctional Facilities’ Role

c. Prosecution’s Role

d. Victim Services’ Role

e. Sexual Assault Forensic Examiner’s Role

5. Working with Incarcerated Victims Resources

a. Collaboration Resources

b. Resources for Prosecuting Cases with Incarcerated Victims

C. Sexual Assault in the Military

1. Serving Military Victims

2. Military Justice System

3. Barriers to Reporting

4. The Role of Military Leaders

5. Military Sexual Assault Response

6. Community Collaboration

7. Military Sexual Assault Resources

a. Response to Sexual Assault Resources

b. Military Justice Resources

c. Terms and Definitions

8. Military Sexual Assault Technical Assistance Providers

XII. Immigrant Victims of Sexual Assault

A. Introduction to Immigrant Victims

B. Dynamics of Sexual Assault Experienced by Immigrant Victims

1. Demographics

2. Immigrant Victims’ Vulnerability to Assault

C. SART Roles in Effectively Serving Immigrant and Limited English Proficiency Victims

D. Best Practices for Law Enforcement Agencies and Prosecutors’ Offices Working with Immigrant Sexual Assault Victims

E. Resources for Working with Immigrant Victims

F. Immigration Technical Assistance Providers

G. Legal Protections for Immigrant Sexual Assault Victims

H. Immigration Options for Immigrant Sexual Assault Victims

1. U Visa

a. U Visa Eligibility and Application

2. VAWA Self-Petition

a. Application Process

3. Human Trafficking, the T Visa, and Continued Presence

a. Continued Presence

I. T Visa

4. Special Immigrant Juvenile Status

J. Foreign Student Victims of Sexual Assault

K. VAWA Confidentiality Protections

L. Access to Services for Immigrants: Public and Health Care Benefits

1. Programs Open to All Sexual Assault Victims Without Regard to Immigration Status

a. Widely Available Services

b. Programs Necessary to Protect Life and Safety

c. Legal Services

2. Immigrant Sexual Assault Victim Access to State and Federal Public Benefits

i. Benefits Access for Certain Native Americans Born Outside of the United States

3. Federal Means-Tested Public Benefits and State-Funded Benefits

a. Medicaid and State Child Health Insurance Program (CHIP)

b. State-Funded Immigrant Health Care

c. Temporary Aid for Needy Families (TANF)

d. State-Funded TANF

e. SNAP/Food Stamps

f. Supplemental Security Income

g. Family Court Protections

h. Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault Protection Orders for Immigrant Victims

i. Custody and Divorce Cases Involving Immigrant Victims

M. Resources to Serve Sexual Assault Immigrant Victims

N. Organizations Serving Immigrants

SECTION 7: SARTs and Offender Accountability

I. Effective Collaborations

A. Collaboration Supports Victims

B. Collaboration Supports SART Goals

C. Collaboration Supports Communities

D. Collaboration Ensures a Victim-Centered Process Over Time

II. What We Know About People Who Commit Sexual Assault

A. Research on the Prevalence of Sexual Assault Perpetration

B. Etiology of Sexual Assault

C. Typologies of Sexual Assault

1. Child Sexual Abusers

2. Rapists

3. Female Offenders

4. Internet Sex Offenders

D. Sexual Assault Recidivism

III. Assessment and Treatment for Individuals Who Commit Sexual Assault

A. Risk Assessment

B. Treatment

1. Treatment for Adult Offenders

2. Treatment for Adolescent Offenders

3. Treatment for Children with Sexual Behavior Problems

4. Treatment Resources

IV. Management Strategies for Sex Offenders

A. Sex Offender Registration and Notification

B. Juvenile Offender Resources

C. Residence Restrictions

D. Re-Entry

E. Civil Commitment

F. Global Positioning Systems and Polygraph Testing

G. Sex Offender Resources

1. Resources on Re-Entry of Adults Convicted of Sexual Offenses into the Community

2. Sex Offender Registry Resources

3. Assessment Instruments

H. Technical Assistance Providers

1. National Technical Assistance Providers

2. State Technical Assistance Providers

3. Local Technical Assistance Providers

SECTION 8: Glossary

SECTION 2 References

SECTION 3 References

SECTION 4 References

SECTION 5 References

SECTION 6 References

SECTION 7 References

SECTION 8 References