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Section 6: Victim-Centered Approaches


[1] Lindsay Hixson, Bradford Hepler, and Myoung Ouk Kim, 2012, The Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander Population: 2010, Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 7, 2017, from LINK

Elizabeth Hoeffel, Sonya Rastogi, Myoung Ouk Kim, and Hasan Shahid, 2012, The Asian Population: 2010. Retrieved June 7, 2017, from LINK

Tina Norris, Paula Vines, and Elizabeth Hoeffel, 2012, The American Indian and Alaska Native Population: 2010, Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 7, 2017, from LINK

Sonya Rastogi, Tallese Johnson, Elizabeth Hoeffel, and Malcolm Drewery, 2011, The Black Population: 2010, Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 7, 2017, from LINK

[2] Sharon Ennis, Merarys Rios-Vargas, and Nora Albert, 2011, The Hispanic Population: 2010, Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 7, 2017, from LINK

[3] Christine Gambino, Yesenia Acosta, and Elizabeth Grieco, 2014, English-Speaking Ability of the Foreign-Born Population in the United States: 2012, Washington, D.C.: U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

Camille Ryan, 2013, Language Use in the United States: 2011, Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[4] Casey Copen, Anjani Chandra, and Isaedmarie Febo-Vazquez, 2016, "Sexual Behavior, Sexual Attraction, and Sexual Orientation Among Adults Ages 18-44 in the United States: Data from the 2011-2013 National Survey of Family Growth", National Health Statistics Reports, Hyattsville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[5] Andrew Flores, Jody Herman, Gary Gates, and Taylor Brown, 2016, How Many Adults Identify as Transgender in the United States? Los Angeles, CA: The Williams Institute. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[6] Wan He, Daniel Goodkind, and Paul Kowal, 2016, An Aging World: 2015, Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[7] Alisha Coleman-Jensen, Matthew Rabbitt, Christian Gregory, and Anita Singh, 2015, Household Food Security in the United States in 2014, Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

Carmen DeNavas-Walt, and Bernadette Proctor, 2015, Income and Poverty in the United States: 2014, Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[8] Matthew Brault, 2012, Americans with Disabilities: 2010, Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 29, 2018, from LINK

[9] Laura Zárate, 2001, Suggestions for Upgrading the Cultural Competency Skills of Sexual Assault Response Teams, Dripping Springs, TX: Arte Sana. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[10] Ohio Department of Health, 2005, Cultural Sensitivity/Cultural Competency in Assisting Survivors of Sexual Assault, In Model for Sexual Assault Community Protocol, Appendix 1, 4. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[11] Sheila Pires, 2002, Building Systems of Care: A Primer, Washington, DC: Georgetown University Child Development Center. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[12] U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office for Victims of Crime, n.d., SANE Program Development and Operation Guide: Glossary of Key Terms. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[13] University of Minnesota Extension, Children, Youth & Family Consortium, March 4, 2015, What Is Historical Trauma? Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[14] S. Seedat, D. J. Niehaus, and D. J. Stein, 2001, “The Role of Genes and Family in Trauma Exposure and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder,” Molecular Psychiatry 6(4): 360–62. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[15] Joseph Gone, 2009, "A Community-Based Treatment for Native American Historical Trauma: Prospects for Evidence-Based Practice," Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 77(4): 751–62.

[16] U.S. Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women, 2013, National Protocol for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations Adult/Adolescent, Second Edition, Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[17] T. Goode, S. Sockalingam, M. Brown, and W. Jones, Winter 2000, “Linguistic Competence in Primary Health Care Delivery Systems: Implications for Policy Makers,” Policy Brief 2, Washington, DC: National Center for Cultural Competence. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[18] Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Pub.L. 88–352, 78 Stat. 241, Title VI, Sec. 601, enacted July 2, 1964). Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[19] 3 CFR 13166 - Executive Order 13166 of August 11, 2000, Improving Access to Services for Persons with Limited English Proficiency. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[20] National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, 2011, Commonly Asked Questions and Answers Regarding Executive Order 13166. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[21] United States Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs, December 12, 2011, Order 1801.1. Subject: Language-Access Policy. Retrieved from http:LINK

[22] T. Goode, S. Sockalingam, M. Brown, and W. Jones, Winter 2000, “Linguistic Competence in Primary Health Care Delivery Systems: Implications for Policy Makers,” Policy Brief 2, Washington, DC: National Center for Cultural Competence. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from http://LINK

[23] HUD American Federation of Government Employees Council, n.d., Bilingual Pay Differential. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[24] Correspondence with Cannon Han, Senior Project Manager, Asian Pacific Institute on Gender-Based Violence, January 5, 2017.

[25] Correspondence with Cannon Han, Senior Project Manager, Asian Pacific Institute on Gender-Based Violence, January 5, 2017.

[26] Marion Maurin, 2014, “What Does It Mean To Be Bilingual?Berlin, Germany:­ Babbel. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[27] Jeffrey Nelson, n.d., “Bicultural Identity: What Does That Mean?” Omniglot. Retrieved July 17, 2017, from LINK

[28] Matthew Stibbe, 2009, Translation vs. Transcreation, Andover, UK: Articulate Marketing. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[29] U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2016, Promotores de Salud/Community Health Workers. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[30] Luis Vergara, n.d., Serving the Latino Community: Getting Beyond Translation, Centennial, CO: CausePlanet. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[31] Luis Vergara, n.d., Serving the Latino Community: Getting Beyond Translation, Centennial, CO: CausePlanet. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[32] The National Council on Interpreting in Health Care, n.d., Interpreters vs. Translators, Boston, MA: Refugee Health Technical Assistance Center. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[33] Communication with Ana Price, Regional Advocate for Southern Wisconsin, Deaf Unity, March 28, 2017.

[34] Ablio, August 24, 2015, 5 Types of Interpretation. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[35] National Center for Cultural Competence, n.d., Working with Linguistically Diverse Populations, Washington, DC: Georgetown University. Retrieved July 13, 2018, from LINK

[36] Chris Durban and Antonio Aparicio, 2003, Translation: Getting it right: A Guide to Buying Translations, Alexandria, VA: American Translators Association. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[37] U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office on Violence Against Women, 2013, National Protocol for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations Adult/Adolescent, Second Edition, Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[38] Asian Pacific Institute on Gender-Based Violence, n.d., Serving Individuals Who are Deaf, Hard of Hearing or Deaf-Blind and Do Not Use American Sign Language. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[39] Pennsylvania Bureau of Adult Basic and Literary Education, Interagency Coordinating Council, 2002, A Report on Health Literacy, Harrisburg, PA: Pennsylvania Bureau of Adult Basic and Literacy Education.

[40] Pennsylvania Coalition Against Rape, September 2006, “Reaching Individuals Along All Literacy Levels,” Technical Assistance Bulletin 3(3): 1–5. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

Canadian Association of Chiefs of Police, n.d., Target Crime with Literacy Fact Sheet: Identifying People Who Have Low Literacy. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[41] Pennsylvania Coalition Against Rape, 2006, “Reaching Individuals Along All Literacy Levels,” Technical Assistance Bulletin 3(3): 1–5. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[42]Sara McLean, 2016, The Effect of Trauma on the Brain Development of Children, Melbourne, Australia: Australian Institute of Family Studies. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[43] Canadian Association of Chiefs of Police, 2008, Literacy Awareness Resource Manual for Police. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[44] Pennsylvania Coalition Against Rape, 2006, “Reaching Individuals Along All Literacy Levels,” Technical Assistance Bulletin 3(3): 1–5. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[45] U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2009, Simply Put: A Guide for Creating Easy-to-Understand Materials. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[46] Marie Fortune, Salma Abugideiri, and Mark Dratch, 2010, A Commentary on Religion and Domestic Violence, Seattle, WA: FaithTrust Institute. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[47] Safe Havens Interfaith Partnership Against Domestic Violence, 2014, Spiritual and Religious Abuse Wheel. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[48] Safe Havens Interfaith Partnership Against Domestic Violence, 2014, Spiritual and Religious Abuse Wheel. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[49] FaithTrust Institute, 2010, What Religious Leaders Can Do to Respond to Sexual and Domestic Violence. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[50] Cynthia Okayam Dopke, 2002, Creating Partnerships with Faith Communities to End Sexual Violence, Olympia, WA: Washington Coalition of Sexual Assault Programs. Retrieved June 19, 2017, from LINK

[51] Cynthia Okayam Dopke, 2002, Creating Partnerships with Faith Communities to End Sexual Violence, Olympia, WA: Washington Coalition of Sexual Assault Programs. Retrieved June 19, 2017, from LINK

[52] U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs, n.d., About Us. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[53] U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs, n.d., About Us. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[54] Tina Norris, Paula Vines, and Elizabeth Hoeffel, 2012, The American Indian and Alaska Native Population: 2010, Washington DC: U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[55] André Rosay, 2016, Violence Against American Indian and Alaska Native Women and Men: 2010 Findings from The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey, Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[56] André Rosay, 2016, Violence Against American Indian and Alaska Native Women and Men: 2010 Findings from The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[57] The Indian Law and Order Commission, 2013, A Roadmap for Making Native America Safer: Report to the President and Congress of the United States. Retrieved July 20, 2017, from LINK

[58] Darakshan Raja, 2014, The Barriers American Indian Women Face in Accessing Sexual Assault Exams and Services, Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Retrieved July 20, 2017, from LINK

[59] Wisdom of the Elders, n.d., Lesson 1: Historical Trauma. Retrieved July 20, 2017, from LINK

[60] National Sexual Violence Resource Center, 2000, Sexual Assault in Indian Country: Confronting Sexual Violence. Retrieved July 20, 2017, from LINK

[61]25 USC 302: Indian Reform School; Rules and Regulations; Consent of Parents to Placing Youth in Reform School (ch. 3504, 34 Stat. 328, enacted June 21, 1906). Retrieved July 20, 2017, from LINK

[62]25 USC 283: Regulations for withholding rations for nonattendance at schools (ch. 209, §1, 27 Stat. 628, 635, enacted March 3, 1893). Retrieved July 20, 2017, from LINK

[63] 25 USC 283: Regulations for withholding rations for nonattendance at schools (ch. 209, §1, 27 Stat. 628, 635, enacted March 3, 1893). Retrieved July 20, 2017, from LINK

[64] New Hampshire Public Radio, October 25, 2011, Native Foster Care: Lost Children, Shattered Families. Retrieved July 20, 2017, from LINK

[65] Amnesty International, 2007, Maze of Injustice: The Failure to Protect Indigenous Women from Sexual Violence in the USA. Retrieved July 20, 2017, from LINK

[66] Comptroller General of the United States, 1976, Letter to James G. Abourek, United States Senate, Concerning the Indian Health Service. Retrieved July 20, 2017, from LINK

[67] The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity, 2010, Forced Sterilization of Native Americans: Late Twentieth Century Physician Cooperation with National Eugenic Policies. Retrieved July 20, 2017, from LINK

[68] International Association of Forensic Nurses, Division of Behavioral Health, n.d., Tribal Forensic Healthcare. Retrieved July 20, 2017, from LINK

[69] National Advisory Committee on Rural Health and Human Services, 2015, Intimate Partner Violence in Rural America. Retrieved July 20, 2017, from LINK

[70] Sherry Hamby, 2004, Sexual Victimization in Indian Country: Barriers and Resources for Native Women Seeking Help. Harrisburg, PA: National Online Resource Center on Violence Against Women. Retrieved July 20, 2017, from LINK

[71] Delia Saldaña, 2001, Cultural Competency: A Practical Guide for Mental Health Service Providers, Austin, TX: Hogg Foundation for Mental Health, The University of Texas at Austin. Retrieved August 7, 2018, from LINK 

[72] National Advisory Committee on Rural Health and Human Services, 2015, Intimate Partner Violence in Rural America. Retrieved July 20, 2017, from LINK

[73] U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs, n.d., About Us. Retrieved July 19, 2017, from LINK

[74] Personal communication with Sarah Deer, Mitchell Hamline School of Law, March 28, 2017.

[75] Raquel DeHerrera, 2015, The Importance of an Indigenous Traditional Behavioral Health Approach, Colorado Springs, CO: Red Wing Consulting, Inc. Retrieved July 20, 2017, from LINK

[76] Sara Blahauvietz, 2005, "Key Factors in Forensic Interviews with Native American Children," Update 18(6): 1–2. Retrieved July 20, 2017, from LINK

[77] U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs, n.d., Frequently Asked Questions. Retrieved July 20, 2017, from LINK

[78] U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs, n.d., Frequently Asked Questions. Retrieved July 20, 2017, from LINK

[79] Hilary Weaver, 1999, "Indigenous People and the Social Work Profession: Defining Culturally Competent Services," Social Work 44(3): 217–225.

[80] Red Wind Consulting, Inc., 2011, Considerations for Culturally Sensitive Response to American Indian or Alaska Native Sexual Assault Victims. Retrieved July 20, 2017, from LINK

[81] Lauren Litton and Victoria Ybanez, n.d., Reclaiming What is Sacred: Addressing Harm to Indigenous Elders and Developing a Tribal Responseto Abuse in Later Life, Madison, WI: National Clearinghouse on Abuse in Later Life. Retrieved July 20, 2017, from LINK

[82] Mending the Sacred Hoop, n.d., Addressing Domestic Violence in Native Communities: Introductory Manual. Retrieved on October 21, 2016 from LINK

[83] Mending the Sacred Hoop, n.d., Addressing Domestic Violence in Native Communities: Introductory Manual. Retrieved on October 21, 2016 from LINK

[84] Red Wind Consulting, Inc., n.d., Indigenous-Based Victim Centered Sexual Assault Response. Retrieved July 20, 2017, from LINK

[85] Tribal Court Clearinghouse, n.d., Public Law 280. Retrieved June 7, 2018 from LINK

[86] U.S. Department of Justice, 1997, U.S. Attorney’s Manual. Retrieved July 20, 2017, from LINK

[87] Red Wind Consulting, Inc., 2011, Considerations for Culturally Sensitive Response to American Indian or Alaska Native Sexual Assault Victims. Retrieved July 20, 2017, from LINK

[88] Sherry Hamby, 2004, Sexual Victimization in Indian Country: Barriers and Resources for Native Women Seeking Help. Harrisburg, PA: National Online Resource Center on Violence Against Women. Retrieved July 20, 2017, from LINK

[89] Tribal Court Clearinghouse, n.d., Public Law 83-280 (18 U.S.C. § 1162, 28 U.S.C. § 1360). Retrieved July 26, 2018, from LINK

[90] U.S. Department of Justice, 1997, U.S. Attorney’s Manual. Retrieved July 20, 2017, from. LINK

[91] Tribal Court Clearinghouse, n.d., Public Law 280. Retrieved July 20, 2017, from LINK

[92] Tribal Court Clearing House, n.d., Indian Civil Rights Act. Retrieved July 20, 2017, from LINK

[93] Virginia Davis and Chia Halpern Beetso, 2016, Implementation Chart: VAWA Enhanced Jurisdiction and TLOA Enhanced Sentencing, Washington, DC: Tribal Law & Order Resource Center. Retrieved July 20, 2017, from LINK

[94] Tribal Court Clearinghouse, n.d., General Guide to Criminal Jurisdiction in Indian Country. Retrieved July 20, 2017, from LINK

[95] Asian Pacific Institute on Gender-Based Violence, n.d., Census Data & API Identities. Retrieved July 20, 2017, from LINK

[96] Asian Pacific Institute on Gender-Based Violence, n.d., Census Data & API Identities. Retrieved July 20, 2017, from LINK

[97] Migration Policy Institute, n.d., Largest U.S. Immigrant Groups Over Time, 1960 – Present. Retrieved July 21, 2017, from LINK

[98] Asian Pacific Institute on Gender-Based Violence, n.d., Census Data & API Identities. Retrieved July 21, 2017, from LINK

[99] Camille Ryan, 2013, Language Use in the United States: 2011, Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 21, 2017, from LINK

[100] U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, 2015, Refugees & Asylum. Retrieved July 21, 2017, from LINK

[101] U.S. Department of State, Office of Admissions, Refugee Processing Center, 2017, Refugee Admissions by Region: Fiscal Year 1975 through 31-Mar-2017. Retrieved July 21, 2017, from LINK

[102] Lynn Langton, Marcus Berzofsky, Christopher Krebs, and Hope Smiley-McDonald, 2012, Victimizations Not Reported to the Police, 2006-2010, Washington DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics. Retrieved July 21, 2017, from LINK

[103] Erika Harrell, 2009, Asian, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander Victims of Crime, Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics. Retrieved July 21, 2017, from LINK

[104] IResearchNet, n.d., Domestic Violence Among Asian Americans. Retrieved November 9, 2017, from LINK

[105] IResearchNet, n.d., Domestic Violence Among Asian Americans. Retrieved November 9, 2017, from LINK

[106] David M. Mann, 2000, “The Influence of Individualism, Collectivism, and Asian Cultural Values on the Identity Formation of European-American and Asian-American Gay Men,” Dissertations Abstracts International 62(03): 329A.

[107] IResearchNet, n.d., Domestic Violence Among Asian Americans. Retrieved November 9, 2017, from LINK

[108] World Health Organization, 2004, Violence Against Women and HIV/AIDS: Critical Intersections: Intimate Partner Violence and HIV/AIDS. Retrieved July 21, 2017, from LINK

[109] William Adih, Michael Campsmith, Cheryl L. Williams, Felicia Hardnett, and Denise Hughes, 2011, “Epidemiology of HIV among Asians and Pacific Islanders in the United States, 2001-2008,” Journal of the International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care 10(3): 150–59.

[110] Hyeouk Chris Hahm, In Han Song, Al Ozonoff, and Jessica Sassani, 2009, “HIV Testing Among Sexually Experienced Asian and Pacific Islander Young Women: Association with Routine Gynecological Care,” Women’s Health Issues 19(4): 279–88. Retrieved July 21, 2017, from LINK

[111] Hyeouk Chris Hahm, In Han Song, Al Ozonoff, and Jessica Sassani, 2009, “HIV Testing Among Sexually Experienced Asian and Pacific Islander Young Women: Association with Routine Gynecological Care,” Women’s Health Issues 19(4): 279–88. Retrieved July 21, 2017, from LINK

[112] World Health Organization, 2004, Violence Against Women and HIV/AIDS: Critical Intersections: Intimate Partner Violence and HIV/AIDS. Retrieved July 21, 2017, from LINK

[113] Personal communication with Ellen Hong, Center for the Pacific Asian Family, May 9, 2017.

[114] People may use other terms to describe themselves, such as Afro-Latino, Tejano, or as being from a specific country.

[115] Sharon R. Ennis, Merarys Rios-Vargas, and Nora G. Albert, 2011, The Hispanic Population: 2010, Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 21, 2017, from LINK

[116]U. S. Census Bureau, 2015, Hispanic Heritage Month 2015. Retrieved July 21, 2017, from LINK

[117]Camille Ryan, 2013, Language Use in the United States: 2011, Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 21, 2017, from LINK

[118] Merriam-Webster, n.d., Culture. Retrieved July 21, 2017, from LINK

[119] Harry Triandis, 2002, “Subjective Culture,” Online Readings in Psychology and Culture 2(2):1–12. Retrieved July 21, 2017 from LINK

[120] Merriam-Webster, n.d., Language. Retrieved July 21, 2017, from LINK

[121] Janine Young, n.d., The Importance of Familismo. Retrieved July 21, 2017, from LINK

[122] Don Quijote, n.d., Nahuatl Language. Retrieved July 21, 2017, from LINK

[123] Amy Harris, 2016, Over 200 Languages Spoken in Brazil Aren’t Portuguese. Retrieved July 21, 2017, from LINK

[124] René Leyva-Flores, César Infante, Edson Servan-Mori, Frida Quintino-Prérez, and Omar Silverman-Retana, 2015, “HIV Prevalence Among Central American Migrants in Transit Through Mexico to the USA, 2009-2013,” Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health 18(6): 1482–88. Retrieved July 21, 2017, from LINK

[125] Emergency Nurses Association, 2010, Care of Sexual Assault and Rape Victims in the Emergency Department: Position Statement. Retrieved July 21, 2017, from LINK

[126] U.S. Department of Justice, n.d., Title VI of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. Retrieved July 21, 2017, from LINK

[127] Pennsylvania Coalition Against Rape, 2014, Parents in the Know. Retrieved July 21, 2017, from LINK

[128] Lindsey Patterson, 2010, Family Relationship Quality and Acculturation: Examination of Their Relationship Among Latino Adolescent Sexual Offenders. Retrieved July 21, 2017, from LINK

[129]Michael López, Kerry Hofer, Erin Bumgarner, and Djaniele Taylor, 2017, Developing Culturally Responsive Approaches to Serving Diverse Populations: A Resource Guide for Community-Based Organizations, Bethesda, MD: National Research Center on Hispanic Children & Families. Retrieved July 21, 2017, from LINK

[130] Laura Zárate, 2001, Suggestions for Upgrading the Cultural Competency Skills of Sexual Assault Response Teams, Dripping Springs, TX; Arte Sana. Retrieved July 21, 2017, from LINK

[131] Connecticut Alliance to End Sexual Violence, n.d., En Español. Retrieved July 21, 2017, from LINK

[132] Sonya Rastogi, Tallese Johnson, Elizabeth Hoeffel, and Malcom P. Drewery, Jr., 2011, The Black Population: 2010. Washington DC: U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 21, 2017, from LINK

[133] Renée Boynton-Jarrett, Lynn Rosenberg, Julie Palmer, Deborah Boggs, and Lauren Wise, 2012, "Child and Adolescent Abuse in Relation to Obesity in Adulthood: The Black Women's Health Study," Pediatrics 130(2): 1–9.

[134] Michelle Black, Kathleen Basile, Matthew Breiding, Sharon Smith, Mikel Walters, Melissa Merrick, Jieru Chen, and Mark Stevens, 2011, The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey: 2010 Summary Report, Atlanta, GA: National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Retrieved July 21, 2017, from LINK

[135] Michelle Black, Kathleen Basile, Matthew Breiding, Sharon Smith, Mikel Walters, Melissa Merrick, Jieru Chen, and Mark Stevens, 2011, The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey: 2010 Summary Report, Atlanta, GA: National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved July 21, 2017, from LINK

[136] Christopher Krebs, Kelle Barrick, Christine Lindquist, Carmen Crosby, Chimi Boyd, and Yolanda Bogan, 2011, "The Sexual Assault of Undergraduate Women at Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs)," Journal of Interpersonal Violence 26(18): 3640–66.

[137] Charles Amos, Ronald Peters, Lena Williams, Regina Jones Johnson, Queen Martin, and George Yacoubian, 2008, "The Link Between Recent Sexual Abuse and Drug Use Among African American Male College Students: It's Not Just a Female Problem in and Around Campus," Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 40(2): 161–66.

[138] John Williams, Leo Wilton, Manya Magnus, Lei Wang, Jing Want, Typhanye Penniman Dyer, Beryl Koblin, Christopher Hucks-Ortiz, Sheldon Fields, Steve Shoptaw, Rob Stephenson, Conall O'Cleirigh, and Vanessa Cummings, 2015, "Relation of Childhood Sexual Abuse, Intimate Partner Violence, and Depression to Risk Factors for HIV Among Black Men Who Have Sex with Men in 6 U.S. Cities," American Journal of Public Health 105(12): 2473–81.

Elwin Wu, Nabila El-Bassel, Donald McVinney, Leona Hess, Mark Fopeano, Hyesung Hwang, Mahnaz Charania, and Gordon Mansergh, 2015, "The Association Between Substance Use and Intimate Partner Violence Within Black Male Same-Sex Relationships," Journal of Interpersonal Violence 30(5): 762–81.

[139] Matthew Mimiaga, Elizabeth Noonan, Deborah Donnell, Steven Safren, Karestan Koenen, Steven Gortmaker, Conall O'Cleirigh, Margaret Chesney, Thomas Coates, Beryl Koblin, and Kenneth Mater, 2009, "Childhood Sexual Abuse is Highly Associated with HIV Risk-Taking Behavior and Infection Among MSM in the EXPLORE Study," Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 51(3): 340–48.

[140] Sandy James, Jody Herman, Susan Rankin, Mara Keisling, Lisa Mottet, and Ma'ayan Anafi, 2016, The Report of the 2015 U.S. Transgender Survey, Washington, DC: the National Center for Transgender Equality. Retrieved July 21, 2017, from LINK

[141] E. Ann Carson and Elizabeth Anderson, 2016, Prisoners in 2015, Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics. Retrieved July 21, 2017, from LINK

[142] Angela Jacques-Tiura, Rifky Tkatch, Antonia Abbey, and Rhiana Wegner, 2010, "Disclosure of Sexual Assault: Characteristics and Implications for Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms Among African American and Caucasian Survivors," Journal of Trauma & Dissociation 11(2): 174–92.

[143] Cynthia Najdowski, Bette Bottoms, and Phillip Atiba Goff, 2015, "Stereotype Threat and Racial Differences in Citizens' Experiences of Police Encounters," Law and Human Behavior 39(5): 463–77.

[144] Nancy La Vigne, Jocelyn Fontaine, and Anamika Dwivedi, 2017, How Do People in High-Crime, Low-Income Communities View the Police? Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Retrieved July 21, 2017, from LINK

[145] Shaquita Tillman, Thema Bryant-Davis, Kimberly Smith, and Alison Marks, 2010, "Shattering Silence: Exploring Barriers to Disclosure for African American Sexual Assault Survivors," Trauma, Violence, & Abuse 11(2): 59–70.

[146] Personal communication with Shelia Hankins, Institute on Domestic Violence in the African American Community at the University of Minnesota, June 6, 2017.

[147] Wisconsin Coalition for Advocacy, Wisconsin Coalition Against Domestic Violence, Wisconsin Coalition Against Sexual Assault, and Independence First, 2004, Accessibility Guide for Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault Service Providers, Madison, WI: Disability Rights Wisconsin. Retrieved August 1, 2017, from LINK

[148] National Sheriffs’ Association, 2010, First Response to Victims of Crime: A Guidebook for Law Enforcement Officers, Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office for Victims of Crime. Retrieved August 1, 2017, from LINK

[149] Laura Platt, Laurie Powers, Sandra Leotti, Rosemary B. Hughes, Susan Robinson-Whelen, Sherri Osburn, Elesia Ashkenazy, Leanne Beers, Emily Lund, Christina Nicolaidis, and the Partnering With People With Disabilities to Address Violence Consortium, 2017, “The Role of Gender in Violence Experienced by Adults with Developmental Disabilities,” Journal of Interpersonal Violence 32(1): 101–29.

[150] Heather Turner, Jennifer Vanderminden, David Finkelhor, Sherry Hamby and Anne Shattuck, 2011, “Disability and victimization in a national sample of children and youth,” Child Maltreatment 16(4): 275–86.

[151] Monika Mitra, Vera Mouradian, Michael Fox, and Carter Pratt, 2015, “Prevalence and characteristics of sexual violence against men with disabilities,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine 50(3): 311–17.

[152] Erika Harrell, 2015, Crime against persons with disabilities, 2009-2013 -- Statistical Tables, Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics. Retrieved August 1, 2017, from LINK

[153] Rebecca A. Elliott Smith and Lawrence H. Pick, 2015, “Sexual assault experienced by deaf female undergraduates: Prevalence and characteristics,” Violence and Victims 30(6): 948–59.

[154] Heather Turner, Jennifer Vanderminden, David Finkelhor, Sherry Hamby, and Anne Shattuck, 2011, “Disability and Victimization in a National Sample of Children and Youth,” Child Maltreatment 6(4): 275–86.

[155] Laura Platt, Laurie Powers, Sandra Leotti, Rosemary Hughes, Susan Robinson-Whelen, Sherri Osburn, Elesia Ashkenazy, Leanne Beers, Emily Lund, Christina Nicolaidis, and the Partnering With People With Disabilities to Address Violence Consortium, 2017, “The Role of Gender in Violence Experienced by Adults with Developmental Disabilities,” Journal of Interpersonal Violence 32(1): 101–29.

[156] U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office for Victims of Crime, 2007, Victims with Disabilities: The Forensic Interview: Techniques for Interviewing Victims with Communication and/or Cognitive Disabilities: Trainer’s Guide. Retrieved August 1, 2017, from LINK

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[434] Michele Decker, Anita Raj, and Jay Silverman, 2007, “Sexual Violence against Adolescent Girls: Influences of Immigration and Acculturation,” Violence Against Women, 13: 498-507.

[435] Joanne Lin, Kavitha Sreeharsha, and Naila McKenzie, 2014, When Foreign Students or Their Family Members are Sexually Assaulted: Immigration Implications of the Student and Exchange Visitor System, Washington, DC: National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, American University, Washington College of Law. Retrieved July 16, 2018, from LINK

Amanda Davis and Leslye E. Orloff, 2016, Executive Summary: National Findings on University and College Responses to Foreign-born Student Victims, Washington, DC: National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, American University, Washington College of Law. Retrieved July 16, 2018, from LINK

[436] Rafaela Rodrigues, Alina Husain, Amanda Couture-Carron, and Nawal H. Ammar, 2018, Promoting Access to Justice for Immigrant and Limited English Proficient Crime Victims in an Age of Increased Immigration Enforcement: Initial Report From a 2017 National Survey, Washington, DC: National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, American University, Washington College of Law. Retrieved July 16, 2018, from http://library.niwap.org/wp-content/uploads/Immigrant-Access-to-Justice-National-Report.pdf

Krisztina E. Szabo and Leslye E. Orloff, 2014, The Central Role of Victim Advocacy for Victim Safety While Victims’ Immigration Cases Are Pending, Washington, DC: National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, American University, Washington College of Law. Retrieved July 16, 2018, from LINK

Giselle Hass, Karen Monahan, Edna Yang, and Leslye E. Orloff, 2013, U-Visa Legal Advocacy: Overview of Effective Policies and Practices, Washington, DC: National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, American University, Washington College of Law. Retrieved July 16, 2018, from LINK

Giselle Hass, Edna Yang, Karen Monahan, Leslye Orloff, and Benish Anver, 2014, “Barriers and Successes in U Visas for Immigrant Victims: The Experiences of Legal Assistance for Victims Grantees,” Arts and Social Sciences Journal, S1:005: 1-20. http://niwaplibrary.wcl.american.edu/pubs/barriers-successes-uvisas

[437] Nawal H. Ammar, Leslye E. Orloff, Mary Ann Dutton, and Giselle A. Hass, 2012, “Battered Immigrant Women in the United States and Protection Orders,” Criminal Justice Review, 37:337-359. Retrieved July 19, 2018, from LINK.

[438] Oregon Attorney General’s Sexual Assault Task Force, 2009, SART Handbook (Version III). Retrieved April 21, 2018, from LINK

[439] North Dakota Office of Attorney General, 2014, North Dakota Sexual Assault Evidence Collection Protocol, Fifth Edition. Retrieved July 21, 2017, from LINK

[440] NIWAP’s Directory of Service Providers with Expertise Serving Immigrant Victims provides a resource to help identify programs in your community or state www.niwap.org/directory/

[441] Yukiko Nakajima, 2005, "The Need for Gender-Sensitive Medical Interpreters for Victims with Limited English Proficiency in Sexual Assault Examinations," Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Services 3(3/4): 57–72.

Wendy Lau, Chic Dabby, Cannon Han, and Isabel Framer, 2016, Resource Guide for Advocates & Attorneys on Interpretation Services for Domestic Violence, Sexual Assault, and Trafficking Victims, Oakland, CA: Asian Pacific Institute on Gender-Based Violence. Retrieved July 15, 2018, from LINK

[442] Marilyn Strachan Peterson, William Green, and Brooke Allison, 2009, California SART Report: Taking Sexual Assault Response Teams to the Next Level — Research Findings, Promising Practices & Recommendations, Sacramento, CA: California Clinical Forensic Medical Training Center. Retrieved July 26, 2017, from LINK

[443] Janine Zweig, Lisa Newmark, Darakshan Raja, and Megan Denver, 2014, Accessing Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Exams: Victims Face Barriers, Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Retrieved July 26, 2017, from LINK

Benish Anver, Leslye Orloff, Jelena Kolic, and Meaghan Fitzpatrick, 2016, Translation Requirements for Vital Documents, Intake and Notice of LEP Assistance for DOJ and HHS Grantees Serving Immigrant Crime Victims, Washington, DC: National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, American University, Washington College of Law. Retrieved July 16, 2018, from LINK

[444] California Rural Legal Assistance, Inc., Esperanza: The Immigrant Women’s Legal Initiative of the Southern Poverty Law Center, Líderes Campesinas, and the Victim Rights Law Center, n.d, Sexual Violence Against Farmworkers: A Guidebook for Legal Providers. Retrieved July 10, 2018, from LINK

[445] National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, n.d, Multilingual Materials by Language, Washington, DC: American University, Washington College of Law. Retrieved July 16, 2018 from LINK

[446] Leslye E. Orloff, Benish Anver, Rocio Molina, Pradiine Saint-Fort, and Alina Husain, 2018, U Visa Toolkit For Law Enforcement Agencies and Prosecutors, Washington, DC: National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, American University, Washington College of Law. Retrieved July 16, 2018, from LINK

Stacey Ivie and Natalie Nanasi, 2009, “The U Visa: An Effective Resource for Law Enforcement,” FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin 78: 10

Tony Flores and Rodolfo Estrada, 2011, “The U-Visa: An Important Tool for Community Policing,” Community Policing Dispatch 4:1

[447] Stacey Ivie, Michael LaRiviere, Antonio Flores, Leslye E. Orloff, and Nawal H. Ammar, 2018, “Overcoming Fear and Building Trust With Immigrant Communities and Crime Victims,” The Police Chief Magazine LXXXV(4):33-40. Retrieved July 19, 2018, from LINK

[448] Asian Pacific Institute on Gender-Based Violence, n.d, Language Access, Interpretation, and Translation, Oakland, CA. Retrieved July 15, 2018, from LINK

[449] Leslye E. Orloff, Rebecca Story, Joanne Lin, Carole Angel, and Deborah Birnbaum, Introduction to Immigration Relief for Immigrant Victims of Sexual Assault and Glossary of Terms, n.d., Washington, DC: National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, American University, Washington College of Law. Retrieved July 16, 2018 from LINK

[450] Sarah Andrews, Vanessa Brown, Aurora de Heer, Joseph Leonard, Ryan Lighty, Katherine O’Keefe, Celia Soehner, William Springer, Josh Sterling, Linda Way-Smith, and Beau Yanoshik, 2017, Post-Assault Healthcare and Crime Victim Compensation for Immigrant Victims of Violence – Medical Coverage and Services for Immigrants, Washington, DC: National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project and American University Washington College of Law. Retrieved July 13, 2018, from LINK

[451] Mary Ann Dutton, Nawal Ammar, Leslye Orloff, and Darci Terrell, 2006, Use And Outcomes Of Protection Orders By Battered Immigrant Women Revised Final Technical Report, Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs. Retrieved July 14, 2018, from LINK

[452] Leslye E. Orloff, 2011, National Survey on Timing of Access to Work Authorization by Immigrant Victim VAWA Self-Petitioners and U-Visa Applicants, Washington, DC: Legal Momentum. Retrieved July 13, 2018, from LINK.

[453] National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, n.d, Multilingual Materials by Language, Washington, DC: American University, Washington College of Law. Retrieved July 16, 2018, from LINK

[454] Leslye E. Orloff, Rebecca Story, Joanne Lin, Carole Angel, and Deborah Birnbaum, n.d., Introduction to Immigration Relief for Immigrant Victims of Sexual Assault and Glossary of Terms, Washington, DC: National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, American University, Washington College of Law. Retrieved July 16, 2018 from LINK

[455] Leslye E. Orloff, Rocio Molina, Pete Helein, Andrea Carcamo-Cavazos, and Benish Anver, 2017, Comparing Forms of Immigration Relief for Immigrant Victims of Crime, Washington, DC: National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, American University, Washington College of Law. Retrieved August 2, 2018 from

http://library.niwap.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/IMM-Chart-ImmReliefFormsComparison-06.19.12.pdf

[456] U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, n.d., Victims of Criminal Activity: U Nonimmigrant Status. Retrieved July 20, 2018, from LINK

[457] U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, n.d., Victims of Criminal Activity: U Nonimmigrant Status. Retrieved July 20, 2018, from LINK

[458] Rebecca Story, Cecilia Olavarria and Moira Fisher Preda, n.d., VAWA Cancellation of Removal, Washington, DC: National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, American University, Washington College of Law. Retrieved August 2, 2018 from LINK

[459] Moira Fisher Praeda, Cecilia Olavarria, Janice Kaguyutan, and Alicia (Lacy) Carra, n.d., Preparing the VAWA Self-petition and Applying for Residence, Washington, DC: National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, American University, Washington College of Law. Retrieved August 2, 2018, from LINK

[460] Moira Fisher Praeda, Cecilia Olavarria, Janice Kaguyutan, and Alicia (Lacy) Carra, n.d., Preparing the VAWA Self-petition and Applying for Residence, Washington, DC: National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, American University, Washington College of Law. Retrieved August 2, 2018, from LINK

[461] Leslye E. Orloff, Rebecca Story, Joanne Lin, Carole Angel, and Deborah Birnbaum, n.d., Introduction to Immigration Relief for Immigrant Victims of Sexual Assault and Glossary of Terms, Washington, DC: National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, American University, Washington College of Law. Retrieved July 16, 2018, from LINK

[462] Leslye E. Orloff, Rebecca Story, Joanne Lin, Carole Angel, and Deborah Birnbaum, n.d., Introduction to Immigration Relief for Immigrant Victims of Sexual Assault and Glossary of Terms, Washington, DC: National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, American University, Washington College of Law. Retrieved July 16, 2018, from LINK

[463] U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, 2010, Continued Presence: Temporary Immigration Status for Victims of Human Trafficking, Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved July 20, 2018, from LINK

[464] U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, 2010, Continued Presence: Temporary Immigration Status for Victims of Human Trafficking, Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved July 20, 2018, from LINK

[465] U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, 2010, Continued Presence: Temporary Immigration Status for Victims of Human Trafficking, Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved July 20, 2018, from LINK

[466] U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, 2014, Questions and Answers: Victims of Human Trafficking, T Nonimmigrant Status, Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved July 15, 2018, from LINK

[467] National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, 2018, Special Immigrant Juvenile Status Bench Book: A Guide to Best Practice for Judges and Courts, Washington, DC: National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project. Retrieved July 12, 2018, from LINK

[468] Leslye E. Orloff, 2017, “Introduction to Special Immigrant Juvenile Status,” Special Immigrant Juvenile Status Bench Book: A Guide to Best Practice for Judges and Courts, Washington, DC: National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, American University, Washington College of Law. Retrieved August 2, 2018, from LINK

[469] U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, 2014, Special Immigrant Juvenile Status: Information for Juvenile Courts, Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved July 11, 2018, from LINK

[470]Joanne Lin, Kavitha Sreeharsha, and Naila McKenzie, 2015, When Foreign Students or Their Family Members are Sexually Assaulted: Immigration Implications of the Student and Exchange Visitor System, Washington, DC: American University Washington College of Law, National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, and Legal Momentum. Retrieved July 12, 2018, from LINK

[471] Joanne Lin, Kavitha Sreeharsha, and Naila McKenzie, 2015, When Foreign Students or Their Family Members are Sexually Assaulted: Immigration Implications of the Student and Exchange Visitor System, Washington, DC: American University Washington College of Law, National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, and Legal Momentum. Retrieved July 12, 2018, from LINK

[472] U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, 2018, Civil Immigration Enforcement Actions Inside Courthouses, Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved July 12, 2018, from LINK

[473] Julie L. Myers, 2008, Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Field Guidance on Enforcement Actions or Investigative Activities At or Near Sensitive Community Locations, Washington, DC: U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement. Retrieved July 11, 2018, from LINK

[474] U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, 2018, Civil Immigration Enforcement Actions Inside Courthouses, Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved July 12, 2018, from LINK

[475] Catherine Longville and Leslye E. Orloff, 2014, Programs Open to Immigrant Victims and All Immigrants Without Regard to Immigration Status, Washington, DC: National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, State Justice Institute, and American University Washington College of Law. Retrieved July 13, 2018, from LINK.

[476] U.S. Department of Justice, 2001, Final Specification of Community Programs Necessary for Protection of Life or Safety Under Welfare Reform Legislation, 66 Fed. Reg. 3613, 3616. Retrieved July 11, 2018, from LINK

[477] U.S. Department of Justice, 2001, Final Specification of Community Programs Necessary for Protection of Life or Safety Under Welfare Reform Legislation, 66 Fed. Reg. 3613, 3616. Retrieved July 11, 2018, from LINK

PRWORA, Pub.L. 104-193, 110 Stat. 2105, Title IV, Sec. 411(b)(4) (codified at 8 U.S.C.A. § 1621(b)(4)). Retrieved August 7, 2018, from LINK

[478] U.S. Department of Justice, 2001, Final Specification of Community Programs Necessary for Protection of Life or Safety Under Welfare Reform Legislation, 66 Fed. Reg. 3613, 3616. Retrieved July 11, 2018, from LINK

 

[480] Sarah Andrews, David Brown, Laurie Ann Dee, Chris Carter, Bob Hayes, Joseph Leonard, Nick Losurdo, Mike Muller, Nancy Nguyen, and Marc Reardon, 2016, Emergency Medicaid – Urgent Medical Services for Immigrant Crime Victims and Children, Washington, DC: National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project and American University Washington College of Law. Retrieved July 11, 2018, from LINK

[481] Sarah Andrews, Vanessa Brown, Aurora de Heer, Joseph Leonard, Ryan Lighty, Katherine O’Keefe, Celia Soehner, William Springer, Josh Sterling, Linda Way-Smith, and Beau Yanoshik, 2018, Post-Assault Healthcare and Crime Victim Compensation for Immigrant Victims of Violence – Medical Coverage and Services for Immigrants, Washington, DC: National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project and American University Washington College of Law. Retrieved July 13, 2018, from LINK

[482] Sarah Andrews, Lisa Barton, Liz Buechner, Christine Carlstrom, Krissy Katzenstein, Douglas Lane, Joseph Leonard, Gabriel Quihuis, Erin Randolph Williams, and Kathleen Shannon, 2018, Coverage for Forensic Costs for Immigrant Crime Victims: Medical Coverage and Services, Washington, DC: National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project and American University Washington College of Law. Retrieved July 12, 2018, from LINK

 

[484] PRWORA § 402(a)(2)(G)(ii), 8 U.S.C. § 1612(a)(2)(G). Retrieved August 7, 2018, from LINK

PRWORA § 402(a)(3), 8 U.S.C. § 1612(a)(3). Retrieved August 7, 2018, from LINK

PRWORA § 402(b)(2)(E), 8 U.S.C. § 1612. Retrieved August 7, 2018, from LINK

[485] Section 402(a)(2)(G) (8 U.S.C. § 1612(a)(2)(G)). Retrieved August 7, 2018, from Section 402(a)(2)(G) (8 U.S.C. § 1612(a)(2)(G))

[486] Soraya Fata, Leslye E. Orloff and Monique Drew, n.d., Access to Programs and Services that Can Help Victims of Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence, Washington, DC: National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, American University, Washington College of Law. Retrieved August 3, 2018, from LINK

[487] Soraya Fata, Leslye E. Orloff and Monique Drew, n.d., Access to Programs and Services that Can Help Victims of Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence, Washington, DC: National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, American University, Washington College of Law. Retrieved August 3, 2018 from LINK

[488] National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, 2018, State Public Benefits Charts. Retrieved July 12, 2018, from LINK

[489] National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, 2018, Public Benefits Map. Retrieved July 13, 2018, from LINK

 

[491] National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, 2018, Public Benefits Map. Retrieved July 13, 2018, from LINK

 

[493] Sarah Andrews, Liza Barton, Liz Buechner, Christine Carlstrom, Krissy Katzenstein, Douglas Lane, Joseph Leonard, Gabriel Quihuis, Erin Randolph Williams, and Kathleen Shannon, 2017, Pre-Natal and Child Health Care for Immigrant Victims and Their Children, Washington, DC: National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project and American University Washington College of Law. Retrieved July 10, 2018, from LINK.

 

[495] Sarah Andrews, Liza Barton, Liz Buechner, Christine Carlstrom, Krissy Katzenstein, Douglas Lane, Joseph Leonard, Gabriel Quihuis, Erin Randolph Williams, and Kathleen Shannon, 2017, Pre-Natal and Child Health Care for Immigrant Victims and Their Children, Washington, DC: National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project and American University Washington College of Law. Retrieved July 10, 2018, from LINK.

[496] National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, 2018, Public Benefits Map. Retrieved July 13, 2018, from LINK.

[497] National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, 2018, Public Benefits Map. Retrieved July 13, 2018, from LINK

[498] National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, 2018, Public Benefits Map. Retrieved July 13, 2018, from LINK

[499] National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, 2018, Public Benefits Map. Retrieved July 13, 2018, from LINK

[500] National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, 2018, Public Benefits Map. Retrieved July 13, 2018, from LINK

[501] National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, 2018, Public Benefits Map. Retrieved July 13, 2018, from LINK

[502] Tolulope Adetayo, Rafeala Rodrigues, Chloe Canetti, and Leslye E. Orloff, 2017, “Appendix N State Law Definitions of Domestic Violence Include Child Abuse,” Special Immigrant Juvenile Status Bench Book: A Guide to Best Practice for Judges and Courts, Washington, DC: National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, State Justice Institute, and American University Washington College of Law. Retrieved July 10, 2018, from LINK.

 

[504] Leslye Orloff, Laura Martinez, Soraya Fata, Rosemary Hartman, and Angela Eastman, 2014, Protection Orders for Immigrant Victims of Sexual Assault, Washington, DC: American University Washington College of Law, National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, and Legal Momentum. Retrieved July 12, 2018, from LINK

Leslye Orloff, Cecilia Olavarria, Laura Martinez, Jennifer Rose, and Joyce Noche, 2013, Battered Immigrants and Civil Protection Orders, Washington, DC: American University Washington College of Law, National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project, and Legal Momentum. Retrieved July 13, 2018, from LINK.

[505] Soraya Fata, Leslye E. Orloff, Andrea Carcamo-Cavazos, Alison Silber, and Benish Anver, 2013, “Custody of Children in Mixed-Status Families: Preventing the Misunderstanding and Misuse of Immigration Status in State-Court Custody Proceedings,” Family Law Quarterly 47(2): 191-242.

Topic Sexual Assault Response Teams