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Section 3: Build Your SART


[1] Megan Clarke, Lisi Martinez Lotz, and Carolina Alzuru, n.d., Best Practices in the Criminal Justice Response to Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault: Guidance for CCR/SART Response Protocols , North Carolina Coalition Against Sexual Assault and North Carolina Coalition Against Domestic Violence. Retrieved March 6, 2018, from LINK

[2] Megan Greeson and Rebecca Campbell, 2012, “Sexual Assault Response Teams (SARTs): An Empirical Review of Their Effectiveness and Challenges to Successful Implementation,” Trauma, Violence, & Abuse 12(2): 83-95.

[3] Cameron S. Crandall and Deborah Helitzer, 2003, An Impact Evaluation of a Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) Program , Rockville, MD: National Criminal Justice Reference Service. Retrieved June 30, 2017, from LINK

[4] National Sexual Violence Resource Center, 2011, SART Readiness Assessment. Retrieved March 12, 2018, from LINK

[5] The National Coordination Committee on the AI/AN SANE-SART Initiative, 2014, National Coordination Committee on the American Indian/Alaska Native Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner-Sexual Assault Response Team Initiative Report to the U.S. Attorney General on Improving Federal Agency Response to Sexual Violence in Tribal Nations: Issues and Recommendations. Retrieved May 5, 2017, from LINK

[6] Jessica Mindlin, Liani Jean Heh Reeves, and the National Crime Victim Law Institute at Lewis & Clark Law School, 2005, Confidentiality and Sexual Violence Survivors: A Toolkit for State Coalitions , Portland, OR: National Crime Victim Law Institute. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from LINK

[7] Personal communication, Julie Coffey, Manager, Memphis Tennessee Sexual Assault Resource Center.

[8] Kimberly A. Lonsway and Joanne Archambault, 2012, “The ‘Justice Gap’ for Sexual Assault Cases: Future Directions for Research and Reform,” Violence Against Women 18(2): 145–168.

[9] Work Group for Community Health and Development, 2017, “Developing a Plan for Assessing Local Needs and Resources,” Community Tool Box, Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas. Retrieved July 25, 2017, from LINK

[10] Derek Okubo, 2000, The Community Visioning and Strategic Planning Handbook , Denver, CO: National Civic League. Retrieved June 30, 2017, from LINK

[11] Praxis International, n.d., Discussion Group Consent Form. Retrieved June 30, 2017, from LINK

[12] Amanda Noble, Elizabeth Brannon-Patel, and Inna Tysoe, 2001, An Evaluation of the Sexual Assault Response Team Victim Advocate Program , Sacramento, CA: Governor’s Office of Criminal Justice Planning, Program Evaluation Division.

[13] Bonnie Clairmont, 2008, Sexual Assault Response Teams: Resource Guide for the Development of a Sexual Assault Response Team (SART) in Tribal Communities , West Hollywood, CA: Tribal Law and Policy Institute. Retrieved February 27, 2018, from http://www.tribal-institute.org/download/SART_Manual_09_08.pdf

[14] Crime Prevention and Justice Assistance Division, 2001, State of Hawaii Strategic Plan for the S.T.O.P. Violence Against Women Formula Grant FY 2001 , Honolulu, HI: Department of the Attorney General. Retrieved July 25, 2017, from LINK

[15] Office for Victims of Crime, n.d., “Glossary,” Achieving Excellence: Model Standards for Serving Victims and Survivors of Crime . Retrieved June 21, 2017, from LINK

[16] Jane Sadusky and Jennifer Obinna, 2002, Violence Against Women: Focus Groups with Culturally Distinct and Underserved Communities , Madison, WI: Wisconsin Department of Health and Family Services.

[17] Quinetta M. Roberson, 2006, "Disentangling the Meanings of Diversity and Inclusion in Organizations," Group & Organization Management 31(2): 212–236.

[18] Avital Andrews, 2016, “‘Diversity’ Is Losing Its Meaning—What Should We Say Instead?” Pacific Standard . Retrieved June 28, 2017, from LINK

[19] White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault, 2015, Building Partnerships among Law Enforcement Agencies, Colleges and Universities . Retrieved March 10, 2017, from LINK

[20] Interprofessional Education Collaborative, 2011, Core Competencies for Interprofessional Collaborative Practice: Report of an Expert Panel, Washington, D.C.: Interprofessional Education Collaborative, 22. Retrieved March 10, 2017, from LINK

[21] Wisconsin Coalition Against Domestic Violence and Wisconsin Coalition Against Sexual Assault, 2009, Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault CCR Toolkit . Retrieved March 10, 2017, from LINK

[22] Patricia Y. Martin, 2005, Rape Work: Victims, Gender, and Emotions in Organization and Community Context , New York: Routledge.

[23] Carrie A. Moylan and Taryn Lindhorst, 2015, "Institutionalizing an Ethic of Coordinated Care for Rape Victims: Exploring Processes of Legitimacy and Decoupling in Sexual Assault Response Teams," Social Service Review 89(1): 138–165.

[24] Susan Faupel, 2001, Concern for Language Justified , Springfield, IL: Illinois Coalition Against Sexual Assault, 12. Retrieved March 10, 2017, from LINK

[25] Daniel R. Ilgen, John R. Hollenbeck, Michael Johnson, and Dustin Jund, 2005, "Teams in organizations: From input-process-output models to IMOI models," Annual Review of Psychology 56(1): 517–543.

[26] Louise Lemieux-Charles and Wendy L. McGuire, 2006, “What Do We Know about Health Care Team Effectiveness? A Review of the Literature,” Medical Care Research and Review 63(3): 263–300.

[27] Ohio Department of Health, 2011, Ohio Protocol for Sexual Assault Forensic and Medical Examination , Columbus, OH: Ohio Department of Health, Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence Prevention Program. Retrieved March 10, 2017, from LINK

[28] K.C. Basile and L.E. Saltzman, 2002, Sexual Violence Surveillance: Uniform Definitions and Recommended Data Elements, Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, 11–16. Retrieved March 10, 2017, from LINK

[29] State University of New York, n.d., Definition of Affirmative Consent . Retrieved April 26, 2017, from LINK

[30] 45 CFR 1181.103 (1986) - Enforcement of Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Handicap in Programs or Activities Conducted by the Institute of Museum and Library Services: Definitions. Retrieved May 11, 2017, from LINK

[31] U.S. Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women, n.d., Sexual Assault . Retrieved June 5, 2017, from LINK

[32] David DeMatteo, Meghann Galloway, Shelby Arnold, and Unnati Patel, 2015, "Sexual Assault on College Campuses: A 50-State Survey of Criminal Sexual Assault Statutes and Their Relevance to Campus Sexual Assault," Psychology, Public Policy, and Law 21(3): 227.

[33] University of Iowa, 2015, “Definitions and Examples of Sexual Misconduct,” Operations Manual . Retrieved April 26, 2017, from LINK

[34] Theresa Covington, Valodi Foster, and Sara Rich, 2005, A Program Manual for Child Death Review , Okemos, MI: The National Center for Child Death Review, 79. Retrieved March 10, 2017, from LINK

[35] Phillip G. Clark, Cheryl Cott, and Theresa J. K. Drinka, 2007, “Theory and Practice in Interprofessional Ethics: A Framework for Understanding Ethical Issues in Health Care Teams,” Journal of Interprofessional Care 21(6): 591–603.

[36] Ohio Child Welfare Training Program, September 2007, “Evidence Based Practice: Not Just A New ‘Buzz Word!,’” Common Ground , 37: 1–2. Retrieved May 19, 2017, from LINK

[37] Phillip G. Clark, Cheryl Cott, and Theresa J. K. Drinka, 2007, “Theory and Practice in Interprofessional Ethics: A Framework for Understanding Ethical Issues in Health Care Teams,” Journal of Interprofessional Care 21(6): 594. Reprinted by permission of Taylor & Francis, LLC.

[38] Florida Network of Victim Witness Services, n.d., Code of Professional Ethics for Florida Victim Witness Service Providers . Retrieved March 10, 2017, from LINK

[39] Theresa Covington, Valodi Foster, and Sara Rich, 2005, A Program Manual for Child Death Review , Okemos, MI: The National Center for Child Death Review, 80. Retrieved March 10, 2017, from LINK

[40] Justin A. Hinkley, March 2, 2017, “Group That Employed Sex Offenders Kicked Out of County Team,” Lansing State Journal. Retrieved April 26, 2017, from LINK

[41] Len Marrella, 2001, In Search of Ethics: Conversations with Men and Women of Character , Sanford, FL: DC Press, 248.

[42] National Network to End Domestic Violence, Safety Net Project, 2014, 6 Questions to Consider When Providing Advocacy Services Via Technology . Retrieved June 27, 2017, from LINK

[43] Carrie A. Moylan, Taryn Lindhorst, and Emiko A. Tajima, 2015, "Contested Discourses in Multidisciplinary Sexual Assault Response Teams (SARTs)," Journal of Interpersonal Violence 32(1): 3–22.

[44] Debra Patterson and Megan Pennefather, 2013, “Interdisciplinary team conflicts among forensic nurses and rape victim advocates,” Affilia 30(1): 40–53.

[45] Shana L. Maier, 2012, “Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners’ Perceptions of Their Relationship with Doctors, Rape Victim Advocates, Police, and Prosecutors,” Journal of Interpersonal Violence 27(7): 1314–1340.

[46] Karen Rich and Patrick Seffrin, 2013, “Police Officers’ Collaboration with Rape Victim Advocates: Barriers and Facilitators,” Violence and Victims 28(4): 681–696.

[47] Jennifer Cole and T. K. Logan, 2008, “Negotiating the Challenges of Multidisciplinary Responses to Sexual Assault Victims: Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner and Victim Advocacy Programs,” Research in Nursing & Health 31(1): 76–85.

[48] Kimberly A. Lonsway and Joanne Archambault, 2017, Effective Victim Advocacy Within the Criminal Justice System, Colville, WA: End Violence Against Women International. Retrieved August 10, 2018, from LINK

[49] Karen Rich and Patrick Seffrin, 2013, “Police Officers’ Collaboration with Rape Victim Advocates: Barriers and Facilitators,” Violence and Victims 28(4): 681–696.

[50] Daniel R. Ilgen, John R. Hollenbeck, Michael Johnson, and Dustin Jund, 2005, "Teams in organizations: From Input-Process-Output Models to IMOI models," Annual Review of Psychology 56(1): 517–543.

[51] Nancy J. Cooke and Margaret L. Hilton, 2015, Enhancing the Effectiveness of Team Science , Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences, 25. Retrieved June 9, 2017, from LINK

[52] Nancy J. Cooke and Margaret L. Hilton, 2015, Enhancing the Effectiveness of Team Science , Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences, 168. Retrieved June 9, 2017, from LINK

[53] Rebecca Campbell, Megan Greeson, Deborah Bybee, and Jennifer Watling Neal, September 2013, Sexual Assault Response Team (SART) Implementation and Collaborative Process: What Works Best for the Criminal Justice System? Washington, DC: National Criminal Justice Reference Service, ix. Retrieved July 25, 2017, from LINK

[54] NJ Rev Stat § 52:4B-54, 2013, Sexual Assault Response Team in Each County. Retrieved July 25, 2017, from LINK

[55] ORS §147.401, 2015, Sexual Assault Response Teams. Retrieved April 26, 2017 from LINK

[56] NJ Rev Stat § 52:4B-54, 2013, Sexual Assault Response Team in Each County. Retrieved July 25, 2017, from LINK

[57] ORS §147.401, 2015, Sexual Assault Response Teams. Retrieved April 26, 2017 from LINK

[58] New Orleans Sexual Assault Response Team, n.d., About the SART . Retrieved January 3, 2018, from LINK

[59] County of Placer, 2018, Sexual Assault Response Team, SART. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from LINK

[60] Council for Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault, 2011, Guidelines for Community Response to Sexual Assault in Alaska . Retrieved April 26, 2017, from LINK

[61] Personal communication, Jessica Mindlin, J.D., Victim’s Rights Law Center, January 5, 2017.

[62] Courtney Ahrens and Rebecca Campbell, 1998, "Innovative Community Services for Rape Victims: An Application of Multiple Case Study Methodology, " American Journal of Community Psychology 26(4): 537-571.

[63] Megan R. Greeson, 2015, Sexual Assault Response Team (SART) Functioning and Effectiveness: Findings from the National SART Project. Retrieved April 26, 2107, from LINK

[64] Oregon Attorney General’s Sexual Assault Task Force, 2009, SART Handbook: Version III . Retrieved June 1, 2017, from LINK

[65] Salt Lake County SART Multi-Disciplinary Team Protocols , 2014, Salt Lake City, UT: Utah Coalition Against Sexual Assault, 19–21.

[66] Jena Nicols Curtis and Susan Burnett, 2016, The Role of EMS in Helping Survivors of Campus Sexual Violence . Retrieved June 1, 2017, from LINK

[67] Oregon Attorney General’s Sexual Assault Task Force, 2009, SART Handbook: Version III . Retrieved June 1, 2017, from LINK

[68] C.T. Steele, 1998, “Sexual Abuse and Chemical Dependency,” The Source 8(3).

[69] The National Center for Victims of Crime, 2008, What is a Victim Advocate ? Retrieved February 8, 2017, from LINK

[70] Kimberly A. Lonsway and Joanne Archambault, 2017, Effective Victim Advocacy Within the Criminal Justice System, Colville, WA: End Violence Against Women International. Retrieved August 10, 2018, from LINK

[71] Kimberly A. Lonsway and Joanne Archambault, 2017, Effective Victim Advocacy Within the Criminal Justice System, Colville, WA: End Violence Against Women International. Retrieved August 10, 2018, from LINK

[72] Kimberly A. Lonsway and Joanne Archambault, 2017, Effective Victim Advocacy Within the Criminal Justice System, Colville, WA: End Violence Against Women International. Retrieved August 10, 2018, from LINK

[73] Kimberly A. Lonsway, Alison Jones-Lockwood, and Joanne Archambault, 2017, Breaking Barriers: The Role of Community-Based and System-Based Victim Advocates , Colville, WA: End Violence Against Women International. Retrieved February 14, 2017, from LINK

[74] Brady v. Maryland, 373 U.S. 83, 87 (1963). Retrieved June 16, 2017, from LINK

[75] Center for Sex Offender Management, n.d., “Working with Sexual Assault Victim Advocates,” The Role of the Victim and Victim Advocate in Managing Sex Offenders: A Training Curriculum, Sec. 3. Retrieved February 13, 2017, from www.csom.org/train/victim/3/3_3.htm#sub1

[76] San Diego County Sexual Assault Response Team, 2001, Standards of Practice for Members of the Interdisciplinary SART Team . Retrieved February 13, 2017, from LINK

[77] Brazos Valley Sexual Assault Resource Center, n.d., Crisis Intervention . Retrieved March 15, 2017, from LINK

[78] National Center for Victims of Crime, 2008, The Trauma of Victimization . Retrieved March 15, 2017, from LINK

[79] Kristin Littel, 2013, A National Protocol for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations, Adults/Adolescents , Second Edition , Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women. Retrieved March 15, 2017, from LINK

[80] Kimberly A. Lonsway and Joanne Archambault, 2017, Effective Victim Advocacy Within the Criminal Justice System, Colville, WA: End Violence Against Women International. Retrieved August 10, 2018, from LINK

[81] Kimberly A. Lonsway and Joanne Archambault, 2017, Effective Victim Advocacy Within the Criminal Justice System, Colville, WA: End Violence Against Women International. Retrieved August 10, 2018, from LINK

Kimberly A. Lonsway, Alison Jones-Lockwood, and Joanne Archambault, 2017, Breaking Barriers: The Role of Community-Based and System-Based Victim Advocates , Colville, WA: End Violence Against Women International. Retrieved February 14, 2017, from LINK

[82] Christopher Wilson, Kimberly A. Lonsway, and Joanne Archambault, 2016, Understanding the Neurobiology of Trauma and Implications for Interviewing Victims , Colville, WA: End Violence Against Women International. Retrieved March 7, 2017, from LINK

[83] Kimberly A. Lonsway, Alison Jones-Lockwood, and Joanne Archambault, 2013, Breaking Barriers: The Role of Community-Based and System-Based Victim Advocates, Colville, WA: End Violence Against Women International. Retrieved February 14, 2017, from LINK

[84] The Ramsey County Sexual Assault Protocol Team, 2017, Ramsey County Sexual Assault Response Protocol . Retrieved June 15, 2018, from LINK

[85] U.S. Department of Defense, July 2015, Sexual Assault Prevention and Response (SAPR) Program Procedures , Department of Defense Instruction, Number 6495.02. Retrieved February 14, 2017, from LINK

[86] Polaris, n.d., 2014 State Ratings on Human Trafficking Laws . Retrieved March 7, 2017, from LINK

[87] Kimberly A. Lonsway, Alison Jones-Lockwood, and Joanne Archambault, 2017, Breaking Barriers: The Role of Community-Based and System-Based Victim Advocates , Colville, WA: End Violence Against Women International. Retrieved February 14, 2017, from LINK

[88] Kimberly A. Lonsway and Joanne Archambault, 2017, Effective Victim Advocacy Within the Criminal Justice System, Colville, WA: End Violence Against Women International. Retrieved August 10, 2018, from LINK

[89] California Penal Code, Title 17, Section 679.04, Victim of Sexual Assault. Retrieved March 27, 2017, from LINK

[90] California Penal Code, Title 17, Section 679.04, Victim of Sexual Assault. Retrieved March 27, 2017, from LINK

[91] Kimberly A. Lonsway, Alison Jones-Lockwood, and Joanne Archambault, 2017, Breaking Barriers: The Role of Community-Based and System-Based Victim Advocates , Colville, WA: End Violence Against Women International. Retrieved February 14, 2017, from LINK

[92] Kimberly A. Lonsway, Alison Jones-Lockwood, and Joanne Archambault, 2017, Breaking Barriers: The Role of Community-Based and System-Based Victim Advocates , Colville, WA: End Violence Against Women International. Retrieved February 14, 2017, from LINK

[93] Wisconsin State Legislature, 2015 Wisconsin Act 351. Retrieved January 6, 2017, from LINK

[94] Kimberly A. Lonsway, Alison Jones-Lockwood, and Joanne Archambault, 2017, Breaking Barriers: The Role of Community-Based and System-Based Victim Advocates, Colville, WA: End Violence Against Women International. Retrieved February 14, 2017, from LINK

[95] Kimberly A. Lonsway and Joanne Archambault, 2017, Effective Victim Advocacy Within the Criminal Justice System, Colville, WA: End Violence Against Women International. Retrieved August 10, 2018, from LINK

[96] Kimberly A. Lonsway and Joanne Archambault, 2017, Effective Victim Advocacy Within the Criminal Justice System, Colville, WA: End Violence Against Women International. Retrieved August 10, 2018, from LINK

[97] Kimberly A. Lonsway, Alison Jones-Lockwood, and Joanne Archambault, 2013, Breaking Barriers: The Role of Community-Based and System-Based Victim Advocates, Colville, WA: End Violence Against Women International. Retrieved February 14, 2017, from LINK

[98] Kim Lonsway and Joanne Archambault, 2008, “Advocates and Law Enforcement: Oil and Water?” Sexual Assault Report 11(6): 81-82, 86-95. Retrieved February 13, 2017 from LINK

[99] Victim Support Services, 2013, System-Based and Community Based Advocacy- The Need for Both . Retrieved February 13, 2017, from LINK

[100] Victim Support Services, 2013, System-Based and Community Based Advocacy- The Need for Both . Retrieved February 13, 2017, from LINK

Center for Sex Offender Management, n.d., “Comparing Community-Based and System-Based Victim Advocates,” The Role of the Victim and Victim Advocate in Managing Sex Offenders (Sec. 3). Retrieved February 10, 2017, from LINK

[101] Victim Support Services, 2013, System-Based and Community Based Advocacy- The Need for Both . Retrieved February 13, 2017, from LINK

Center for Sex Offender Management, n.d., “Comparing Community-Based and System-Based Victim Advocates,” The Role of the Victim and Victim Advocate in Managing Sex Offenders (Sec. 3). Retrieved February 10, 2017, from LINK

[102] Oregon Attorney General’s Sexual Assault Task Force, 2009, Sexual Assault Response Team SART Handbook. Retrieved January 5, 2017, from LINK

[103] Alaska Department of Public Safety, n.d., Alaska Statewide Protocols for Sexual Assault Response Teams . Retrieved January 3, 2016, from LINK

[104] Iowa State University Police Department, n.d., How SART Helps. Retrieved December 29, 2016, from LINK

[105] Megan Greeson and Rebecca Campbell, 2012, “Sexual Assault Response Teams (SARTs): An Empirical Review of Their Effectiveness and Challenges to Successful Implementation,” Trauma, Violence, & Abuse 12(2): 83-95.

[106] Megan Greeson and Rebecca Campbell, 2012, “Sexual Assault Response Teams (SARTs): An Empirical Review of Their Effectiveness and Challenges to Successful Implementation,” Trauma, Violence, & Abuse 12(2): 83-95.

[107] Megan Greeson and Rebecca Campbell, 2012, “Sexual Assault Response Teams (SARTs): An Empirical Review of Their Effectiveness and Challenges to Successful Implementation,” Trauma, Violence, & Abuse 12(2): 83-95.

[108] Megan Greeson and Rebecca Campbell, 2012, “Sexual Assault Response Teams (SARTs): An Empirical Review of Their Effectiveness and Challenges to Successful Implementation,” Trauma, Violence, & Abuse 12(2): 83-95.

[109] Megan Greeson and Rebecca Campbell, 2012, “Sexual Assault Response Teams (SARTs): An Empirical Review of Their Effectiveness and Challenges to Successful Implementation,” Trauma, Violence, & Abuse 12(2): 83-95.

[110] Megan Greeson and Rebecca Campbell, 2015, “Coordinated Community Efforts to Respond to Sexual Assault: A National Study of Sexual Assault Response Team Implementation,” Journal of Interpersonal Violence 30(14): 2470-2487.

[111] Megan Greeson and Rebecca Campbell, 2015, “Coordinated Community Efforts to Respond to Sexual Assault: A National Study of Sexual Assault Response Team Implementation,” Journal of Interpersonal Violence 30(14): 2470-2487.

[112] Annie Lewis-O'Connor, 2009, “The Evolution of SANE/SART—Are There Differences?” Journal of Forensic Nursing 5(4): 220-227.

[113] Ann Wolbert Burgess, Annie Lewis-O'Connor, M. Elaine Nugent-Borakove, and Patricia Fanflik, 2006, “SANE/SART Services for Sexual Assault Victims: Policy Implications,” Victims and Offenders 1(3): 205-212.

[114] National Sexual Violence Resource Center, n.d., SART Discussion Group Application . Retrieved April 13, 2018, from LINK

[115] Illinois Law Enforcement Training and Standards Board, 1996, Model Guidelines and Sex Crimes Investigations Manual for Illinois Law Enforcement , Springfield, IL: Illinois Law Enforcement Training and Standards Board.

[116] Jessica Shaw, 2014, Justifying Injustice: How the Criminal Justice System Explains Its Response to Sexual Assault . Retrieved June 27, 2017, from LINK

[117] Pennsylvania Coalition Against Rape, 2012, Police Response to Crimes of Sexual Violence . Retrieved March 7, 2017, from LINK

[118] Arizona Attorney General's Office, 2001, State of Arizona Recommended Guidelines for a Coordinated Community Response to Sexual Assault . Retrieved March 7, 2017, from LINK

[119] Lisa Rein, September 22, 2016, “New Sexual-Misconduct Claims Hit Yosemite, Yellowstone in Widening Park Service Scandal,” The Washington Post . Retrieved December 29, 2016, from LINK

[120] National Parks Service, n.d., United States Park Police . Retrieved March 10, 2017, from LINK

[121] Keith Ridler, October 20, 2016, “U.S. Parks Director: More Worker Sex Harassment Cases Likely,” Associated Press. Retrieved December 29, 2016, from LINK

[122] SAFEta.org, n.d., Operational Issues: Sexual Assault Forensic Examiners . Retrieved June 29, 2017, from LINK

[123] U.S. Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women, 2013, A National Protocol for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations: Adults/Adolescents . Retrieved June 29, 2017, from LINK

[124] SAFEta.org, n.d., Payment for the Examination Under VAWA . Retrieved January 12, 2017, from LINK

[125] U.S. Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women, 2013, A National Protocol for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations: Adults/Adolescents . Retrieved June 29, 2017, from LINK

[126] U.S. Government Accountability Office, 2016, Sexual Assault: Information on Training, Funding, and the Availability of Forensic Examiners . Retrieved July 27, 2016 from LINK

[127] U.S. Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women, 2013, A National Protocol for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations: Adults/Adolescents . Retrieved January 19, 2017, from LINK

[128] U.S. Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women, 2013, A National Protocol for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations: Adults/Adolescents . Retrieved January 19, 2017, from LINK

[129] U.S. Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women, 2013, A National Protocol for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations: Adults/Adolescents . Retrieved January 19, 2017, from LINK

[130] SAFEta.org, n.d., Informed Consent . Retrieved January 12, 2017, from LINK

[131] U.S. Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women, 2013, A National Protocol for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations: Adults/Adolescents . Retrieved January 19, 2017, from LINK

[132] U.S. Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women, 2013, A National Protocol for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations: Adults/Adolescents . Retrieved January 19, 2017, from LINK

[133] U.S. Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women, 2013, A National Protocol for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations: Adults/Adolescents . Retrieved January 19, 2017, from LINK

[134] Roger C. Jones and Timothy Holden, 2004, “A Guide to Assessing Decision-Making Capacity,” Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine 71(12): 971-975.

[135] SafeTA.org, n.d., Operational Issues – Facilities . Retrieved January 19, 2017, from LINK

[136] State of New York, 2008, Protocol for the Acute Care of the Adult Patient Reporting Sexual Assault . Retrieved January 19, 2017, from LINK

[137] SAFEta.org, n.d., Operational Issues – Facilities . Retrieved June 29, 2017, from LINK

[138] SAFEta.org, n.d., Operational Issues – Facilities . Retrieved June 29, 2017, from LINK

[139] U.S. Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women, 2013, A National Protocol for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations: Adults/Adolescents . Retrieved January 19, 2017, from LINK

[140] National Sexual Violence Resource Center, 2010, SANE Sustainability Project Final Report . Retrieved on November 23, 2016, from LINK

[141] U.S. Department of Justice, Office for Victims of Crime, n.d., Building a Sustainable SANE Program: Partners and Stakeholders, In SANE Program Development and Operation Guide , Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs. Retrieved November 7, 2016, from LINK

[142] AEquitas, Justice Management Institute, and Urban Institute, 2017, Model Response to Sexual Violence for Prosecutors: An Invitation to Lead . Retrieved July 25, 2017, from LINK

[143] American Bar Association, n.d., Criminal Justice Standards for the Prosecution Function, Fourth Edition § 3-3.2. Retrieved June 16, 2017, from LINK

National District Attorneys Association, 2010, National Prosecution Standards, Third Edition. Retrieved June 16, 2017, from LINK

[144] Rebecca Campbell, Megan Greeson, Deborah Bybee, and Jennifer Watling Neal, 2013, Sexual Assault Response Team (SART) Implementation and Collaborative Process: What Works Best for the Criminal Justice System? Retrieved June 16, 2017, from LINK

Megan R. Greeson and Rebecca Campbell, 2012, “Sexual Assault Response Teams (SARTs): An Empirical Review of Their Effectiveness and Challenges to Successful Implementation,” Trauma, Violence, & Abuse 14(2): 83-95.

Elaine Nugent-Borakove, Patricia Fanflik, David Troutman, Nicole Johnson, Ann Burgess, and Anne Lewis-O’Connor, 2006, Testing the Efficacy of SANE / SART Programs : Do They Make a Difference in Sexual Assault Arrest & Prosecution Outcomes? Retrieved June 16, 2017, from LINK

Anne Wolbert Burgess, Anne Lewis-O’Connor, M. Elaine Nugent-Borakove, and Patricia Fanflik, “SANE/SART Services for Sexual Assault Victims: Policy Implications,” Victims & Offenders 1(3):205-212.

Marilyn Strachan Peterson, William Green, and Brooke Allison, 2009, California SART Report: Taking Sexual Assault Response to The Next Level - Research Findings, Promising Practices & Recommendations , Sacramento, CA: California Clinical Forensic Medical Training Center. Retrieved June 16, 2017, from LINK

[145] Rebecca Campbell, Megan Greeson, Deborah Bybee, and Jennifer Watling Neal, 2013, Sexual Assault Response Team (SART) Implementation and Collaborative Process: What Works Best for the Criminal Justice System? Retrieved June 16, 2017, from LINK

[146] Brady v. Maryland, 373 U.S. 83, 87 (1963). Retrieved June 16, 2017, from LINK

[147] Doug Wolfberg and Steve Wirthe, June 5, 2015, “Pro Bono: Is Reporting Rape an EMS Obligation?” Journal of Emergency Medical Services 40(6) . Retrieved February 3, 2017, from LINK

[148] Abigail Harning, September 28, 2015, “Provide Emotional First Aid When Responding to Sexually Assaulted Patients,” Journal of Emergency Medical Services 40(10). Retrieved January 4, 2016, from LINK

[149] National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians, n.d., State EMS Agency Map. Retrieved February 3, 2017, from LINK

[150] Planning Committee to Implement Improved Access to Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations in Maryland, 2015, Report to the Governor, the Senate Finance Committee, and the House Health and Government Operations Committee Regarding Improved Access to Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations in Maryland. Retrieved January 4, 2016, from LINK

[151] U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 2009, National Emergency Medical Services Education Standards . Retrieved January 4, 2017, from LINK

[152] International Association of Forensic Nurses, 2011, Examination Process- Initial Contact. Retrieved January 4, 2017, from LINK

[153] International Association of Forensic Nurses, 2011, Examination Process- Initial Contact. Retrieved January 4, 2017, from LINK

[154] Planning Committee to Implement Improved Access to Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations in Maryland, December 2015, Report to the Governor, the Senate Finance Committee, and the House Health and Government Operations Committee Regarding Improved Access to Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations in Maryland. Retrieved January 4, 2016, from LINK

[155] Planning Committee to Implement Improved Access to Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations in Maryland, December 2015, Report to the Governor, the Senate Finance Committee, and the House Health and Government Operations Committee Regarding Improved Access to Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations in Maryland. Retrieved January 4, 2016, from LINK

[156] International Association of Facilitators, 2015, Core Facilitator Competencies . Retrieved on July 25, 2017, from: LINK

[157] Violence Against Women Act 42 USC § 13925(b)(2). Retrieved June 14, 2017, from LINK

Victims of Crime Fund 42 USC §10601. Retrieved June 14, 2017, from LINK

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