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Literature Review

The Intersectionality of Forced Marriage with Other Forms of Abuse in the United States

This paper provides information and research on forced marriage in the United States and its intersections with child abuse, sexual assault and rape, domestic and family violence, stalking, female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C), and human trafficking. The research demonstrates that forced marriage is a serious but neglected problem in this country, and despite many advocates’ best efforts, survivors of forced marriage and those at risk continue to fall through the cracks of the systems and programs set up to protect individuals from abuse.

Copyright: VAWnet, a project of the National Resource Center on Domestic Violence

Chad Sniffen Thu, 03/03/2016 - 13:23
A systematic review of primary prevention strategies for sexual violence perpetration

This systematic review examined 140 outcome evaluations of primary prevention strategies for sexual violence perpetration. The review had two goals: 1) to describe and assess the breadth, quality, and evolution of evaluation research in this area; and 2) to summarize the best available research evidence for sexual violence prevention practitioners by categorizing programs with regard to their evidence of effectiveness on sexual violence behavioral outcomes in a rigorous evaluation. It found two primary prevention programs and a policy initiative with strong evidence of effectiveness for reducing rates of sexually violent behavior:

  • Safe Dates
  • Shifting Boundaries, building-level intervention; and
  • The 1994 U.S. Violence Against Women Act.
  • Other approaches with a focus on bystander training and healthy relationships are also promising

Read NSVRC Key Findings for preventionists.



Sally Laskey Tue, 09/23/2014 - 13:30
Youth Sexual Violence Prevention

This Applied Research Paper outlines the importance and value of engaging in sexual violence prevention work with youth. The paper discusses prevalence of sexual violence among youth populations, recent trends in prevention activities for youth, and a review of common strategies and challenges for engaging in this work. Feedback on the effectiveness and current evaluation efforts for the various approaches is offered. It's available in PDF or online.

Ali Mailen Perrotto Fri, 09/21/2012 - 08:52
Trauma-Informed Advocacy and Services Recommended Reading

This recommended reading list was developed for the National Sexual Assault Demonstration Initiative to assist organizations in strengthening trauma-informed advocacy and services.

Sally Laskey Wed, 03/14/2012 - 10:50
Addressing the Gendered Dimensions of Harassment and Bullying: What domestic and sexual violence advocates need to know

This paper introduces and discusses a recent policy memo from the U.S. Department of Education that clarifies the distinctions between bullying and harassment and the priorities and responsibilities of school districts, outlines the differences between sexual harassment and bullying, explores the unintended consequences of ignoring the gendered dimensions of bullying and harassment in K-12 schools, and suggests helpful strategies for advocates collaborating with school personnel and students.

Read online or download to print.

admin Fri, 11/11/2011 - 09:04
New language, old problem: Sex trafficking of American Indian women and children


This Applied Research paper summarizes findings of existing research and other documents on sex trafficking of Native women and girls in the U.S. and Canada and the legal issues related to their protection. 



Ali Mailen Perrotto Tue, 10/25/2011 - 11:35
Changing Perceptions of Sexual Violence Over Time

The author reviews available research on perceptions held by the general public about sexual violence and how they have changed over time. She also makes recommendations for future practice, which include discussing the root causes of sexual violence and addressing subtle victim blaming.

Ali Mailen Perrotto Mon, 10/24/2011 - 11:16
Child Sexual Abuse Prevention and Risk Reduction: Literature Review for Parents and Guardians

Child Sexual Abuse Prevention Literture Review coverSeveral child sexual abuse (CSA) prevention efforts target parents and guardians, given that they are in a unique position to educate and protect their children from sexual victimization. This literature review examines research on prevention efforts targeting parents to support or reject three hypotheses: (1) Prevention efforts intended for parents increase their knowledge of CSA, (2) such prevention efforts motivate parents to educate and protect children from CSA, and (3) such efforts result in lower rates of child sexual victimization.


This review is a part of the Child Sexual Abuse Prevention Information Packet. Other resources from this packet include:  overview, technical assistance bulletin, technical assistance guide on programs for adults, technical assistance guide on programs for children, resource list, annotated bibliography, research brief, and an online special collection.



Sally Laskey Thu, 08/18/2011 - 10:47
Sexual Violence Against Women: Impact on High-Risk Health Behaviors and Reproductive Health

Sexual Violence Against Women: Impact on High-Risk Health Behaviors and Reproductive Health by Sandra L. Martin and Rebecca J. Macy with contributions from Janice A. Mirabassi (June 2009) This Applied Research paper provides a brief overview of research on the impact of sexual violence on females' high-risk health behaviors and reproductive health, focusing on studies of sexual assault or rape experienced primarily during adulthood.Sexual Violence Against Women: Impact on High-Risk Health Behaviors and Reproductive Health

Anonymous (not verified) Tue, 06/16/2009 - 13:48