Campus Sexual Violence Resource List

Primary Prevention on Campus
Campus Policy Information
Statistics
Alcohol Use and Sexual Violence
For Administrators
For Student Activists
For Law Enforcement
General Campus Resources 


 

Primary Prevention on Campus

American College Health Association. Shifting the Paradigm: Primary Prevention of Sexual Violence.

American College Health Association. Guidelines: Position Statement on Preventing Sexual Violence on College and University Campuses.

Indiana Campus Sexual Assault Primary Prevention Project.

U.S. Department of Education Higher Education Center. Getting Started on Campus: Tips for New Prevention Coordinators.

U.S. Department of Education Higher Education Center. Preventing Violence and Promoting Safety in Higher Education Settings: Overview of a Comprehensive Approach.

Oregon Attorney General’s Sexual Assault Task Force. Recommended Guidelines for Comprehensive Sexual Assault Response and Prevention on Campus.

Virginia Tech Bystander Intervention Playbook.


Campus Policy Information

Violence Against Women Act 2013, National Alliance to End Sexual Violence. This includes a listing of major changes in VAWA related to Sexual Assault.

The Cleary Center for Security on Campus

Title IX, Know Your IX. Title IX of the 1972 Education Amendments requires colleges and universities receiving federal funding to combat gender-based violence and harassment, and respond to survivors’ needs in order to ensure that all students have equal access to education.

Students Active for Ending Rape (SAFER). College Sexual Assault Policies Database. Includes information on what should be covered in a campus policy, tips for changing policies, information about federal law, and examples from colleges and universities. V-day and SAFER have launched the Campus Accountability Project to assist student activities in identifying and improving campus SA policies. 

U.S. Department of Education Office of Post-Secondary Education.

Handbook for Campus Crime Reporting.

Dear Colleague Letter

National Center for Higher Education Risk Management.
• Creating a Proactive Campus Sexual Misconduct Policy
• Comprehensive Sexual Misconduct Judicial Procedures
•  A Model Campus Sexual Assault Response Protocol

U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice. (2005). Sexual Assault on Campus: What Colleges and Universities Are Doing About It.
 


Statistics
Note: This list is by no means exhaustive. There are numerous studies on sexual violence on campus. Visit the NSVRC’s searchable online library to find additional articles and information.

U.S. Department of Education. Campus Security Data Analysis Cutting Tool.
This analysis cutting tool was designed to provide rapid customized reports for public inquiries relating to campus crime data. The data are drawn from the Office of Postsecondary Education of the U. S. Department of Education Campus Security Statistics Website database to which crime statistics are submitted annually, via a Web-based data collection, by all postsecondary institutions that receive Title IV funding (i.e., those that participate in federal student aid programs) as required by the Clery Act.

U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice. (2005). Sexual Assault on Campus: What Colleges and Universities Are Doing About It.
In 1999, Congress asked the National Institute of Justice to study school compliance with Federal laws requiring schools to disclose their security procedures, report crime data, and ensure victims’ rights. The resulting research report provides a comprehensive benchmark of sexual assault policy on the Nation’s campuses. This report presents key findings from the research.
 
Fisher, B.S., Cullen, F.T., & Turner, M.G. (2000). The Sexual Victimization of College Women. National Institute of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics.

Findings from this report include:

  • It is estimated that the percentage of completed or attempted rape victimization among women in higher educational institutions may be between 20% and 25% over the course of a college career.
  • Among college women, 9 in 10 victims of rape and sexual assault knew their offender.
  • Almost 12.8% of completed rapes, 35% of attempted rapes, and 22.9% of threatened rapes happened during a date.
  • 2.8% experienced either a completed rape (1.7%) or an attempted rape (1.1%) during the six-month period in which the study was conducted.  Of victims, 22.8% were victims of multiple rapes. If this data is calculated for a calendar year period, nearly 5% of college women are victimized during any given calendar year.
  • It is estimated that for every 1,000 women attending a college or university, there are 35 incidents of rape each academic year.
  • Off-campus sexual victimization is much more common among college women than on-campus victimization.  Of victims of completed rape 33.7% were victimized on campus and 66.3% off campus.
  • Less than 5% of completed or attempted rapes against college women were reported to law enforcement.  However, in 2/3rds of the incidents the victim did tell another person, usually a friend, not family or school officials.

Krebs, C.P., Lindquist, C.H., Warner, T.D., Fisher, B.S., & Martin, S.L. (2007). The Campus Sexual Assault (CSA) Study. National Institute of Justice.
 Findings from this report include:

  • Many women (88%) have never consumed a drink left unattended or consumed a drink given to them by a stranger (76%).
  • One-quarter of the sample (25%) reported consuming alcohol or drugs before sex at least once a month, and slightly fewer (23%) were drunk or high during sex at least once a month.
  • Eighteen percent experienced an attempted (13%) and/or completed (13%) sexual assault since entering college.
  • Among the total sample, 5% experienced a completed physically forced sexual assault, but a much higher percentage (11%) experienced a completed incapacitated sexual assault.
  • Sexual assaults were most likely to occur in September, October and November, on Friday or Saturday nights, and between the hours of midnight and 6:00 a.m.
  • Most victims of physically forced or incapacitated sexual assault were assaulted by someone they knew (79% and 88%).
  • Freshmen and sophomores are at greater risk for victimization than juniors and seniors.

Mohler-Kuo, M., Dowdall, G., Koss, M., & Wechsler, H. (2004). Correlates of Rape While Intoxicated in a National Sample of College Women. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 65, 37-45.

Findings from this report include:

  • In one study, one in 20 (4.7%) women reported being raped in college since the beginning of the year – a period of approximately 7 months – and nearly three quarters of those rapes (72%) happened with the victims were so intoxicated they were unable to consent or refuse.
  • One study found that students living in sorority houses (3 times at risk) and on-campus dormitories (1.4 times at risk) were more likely to be raped than students living off-campus.
  • Women from colleges with medium and high binge-drinking rates had more than a 1.5-fold increased chance of being raped while intoxicated than those from schools with low binge-drinking rates.
  • Women who had practiced binge-drinking in high school had an increased likelihood of rape while intoxicated.

 

Alcohol Use and Sexual Violence

National Online Resource Center on Violence Against Women (VAWnet) Applied Research Forum.

• Alcohol and Sexual Violence Perpetration.
• The Relationship Between Alcohol Consumption and Sexual Victimization.

Abbey, A. (2002). Alcohol-Related Sexual Assault: A Common Problem among College Students. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, Supplement 14, 118-128.

Columbia University Health Services. Alcohol and Sexual Assault: Risk Reduction and Alcohol Abuse.

College of William and Mary. Under the Influence: The Role of Alcohol.

Butler University. Alcohol and Sexual Assault.

 


For Administrators
American Association for University Women. How College Administrations Can Help Fight Sexual Assault.


For Student Activists

Know Your IX

Students Against for Ending Rape (SAFER). CHANGE HAPPENS anti-violence campus organizing manual. Free for students.

Watch PreventConnect Podcast with SAFER, Beyond Blue Lights.

The Center for Public Integrity. Reporter's Toolkit: Investigating Sexual Assault Cases on Your Campus.


For Law Enforcement
U.S. Department of Justice Community Oriented Policing Services. Problem-Oriented Guides for Police Series No. 17: Acquaintance Rape of College Students.


General Campus Resources

The Center for Public Integrity. Sexual Assault on Campus: A Frustrating Search for Justice (three-part series).

Los Angeles College Consortium Project (LACCP). Dealing with Campus Violence Against Women Website.

Office on Victims of Crime Message Board: Responding to Sexual Violence on Campus.

Sexual Assault Program Coordinators (SAPC) listserv
To join: https://list.mail.virginia.edu/mailman/listinfo/sapc

Students Active for Ending Rape (SAFER) Change Happens blog

California Coalition Against Sexual Assault Campus Program
(CALCASA is the technical assistance provider for grantees of the Office on Violence Against Women’s Grants to Reduce Domestic Violence, Dating Violence, Sexual Assault, and Stalking on Campus Program)

Campus Sexual Assault Response Teams: Program Development and Operational Management (Book)

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