Campus Sexual Violence Resource List

Primary Prevention on Campus
Campus Policy Information
Statistics
Training Tools and Resources
Public Education Materials
Alcohol Use and Sexual Violence
For Administrators
For Student Activists
For Law Enforcement
General Campus Resources 


 

Primary Prevention on Campus

American College Health Association. Shifting the Paradigm: Primary Prevention of Sexual Violence.

American College Health Association. Guidelines: Position Statement on Preventing Sexual Violence on College and University Campuses.

Indiana Campus Sexual Assault Primary Prevention Project.

U.S. Department of Education Higher Education Center. Getting Started on Campus: Tips for New Prevention Coordinators.

U.S. Department of Education Higher Education Center. Preventing Violence and Promoting Safety in Higher Education Settings: Overview of a Comprehensive Approach.

Oregon Attorney General’s Sexual Assault Task Force. Recommended Guidelines for Comprehensive Sexual Assault Response and Prevention on Campus.

Virginia Tech Bystander Intervention Playbook.


Campus Policy Information

Violence Against Women Act 2013, National Alliance to End Sexual Violence. This includes a listing of major changes in VAWA related to Sexual Assault.

The Cleary Center for Security on Campus

Title IX, Know Your IX. Title IX of the 1972 Education Amendments requires colleges and universities receiving federal funding to combat gender-based violence and harassment, and respond to survivors’ needs in order to ensure that all students have equal access to education.

Students Active for Ending Rape (SAFER). College Sexual Assault Policies Database. Includes information on what should be covered in a campus policy, tips for changing policies, information about federal law, and examples from colleges and universities. V-day and SAFER have launched the Campus Accountability Project to assist student activities in identifying and improving campus SA policies. 

U.S. Department of Education Office of Post-Secondary Education.

Handbook for Campus Crime Reporting.

Dear Colleague Letter

National Center for Higher Education Risk Management.
• Creating a Proactive Campus Sexual Misconduct Policy
• Comprehensive Sexual Misconduct Judicial Procedures
•  A Model Campus Sexual Assault Response Protocol

U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice. (2005). Sexual Assault on Campus: What Colleges and Universities Are Doing About It.
 


Statistics
Note: This list is by no means exhaustive. There are numerous studies on sexual violence on campus. Visit the NSVRC’s searchable online library to find additional articles and information.

Security on Campus, Inc. Campus Security Statistics
College and university campus crime data is available from two major sources, the U.S. Department of Education which, under the Jeanne Clery Act, collects statistics from more than 6,000 schools, and the FBI's Uniform Crime Reporting program, which includes data for about 400 schools. The most recent statistics from each government agency are available from this page. Due to differences in reporting standards statistics reported under one program may not match those reported in the other.

U.S. Department of Education. Campus Security Data Analysis Cutting Tool.
This analysis cutting tool was designed to provide rapid customized reports for public inquiries relating to campus crime data. The data are drawn from the Office of Postsecondary Education of the U. S. Department of Education Campus Security Statistics Website database to which crime statistics are submitted annually, via a Web-based data collection, by all postsecondary institutions that receive Title IV funding (i.e., those that participate in federal student aid programs) as required by the Clery Act.

U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice. (2005). Sexual Assault on Campus: What Colleges and Universities Are Doing About It.
In 1999, Congress asked the National Institute of Justice to study school compliance with Federal laws requiring schools to disclose their security procedures, report crime data, and ensure victims’ rights. The resulting research report provides a comprehensive benchmark of sexual assault policy on the Nation’s campuses. This report presents key findings from the research.
 
Fisher, B.S., Cullen, F.T., & Turner, M.G. (2000). The Sexual Victimization of College Women. National Institute of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics.

Findings from this report include:

  • It is estimated that the percentage of completed or attempted rape victimization among women in higher educational institutions may be between 20% and 25% over the course of a college career.
  • Among college women, 9 in 10 victims of rape and sexual assault knew their offender.
  • Almost 12.8% of completed rapes, 35% of attempted rapes, and 22.9% of threatened rapes happened during a date.
  • 2.8% experienced either a completed rape (1.7%) or an attempted rape (1.1%) during the six-month period in which the study was conducted.  Of victims, 22.8% were victims of multiple rapes. If this data is calculated for a calendar year period, nearly 5% of college women are victimized during any given calendar year.
  • It is estimated that for every 1,000 women attending a college or university, there are 35 incidents of rape each academic year.
  • Off-campus sexual victimization is much more common among college women than on-campus victimization.  Of victims of completed rape 33.7% were victimized on campus and 66.3% off campus.
  • Less than 5% of completed or attempted rapes against college women were reported to law enforcement.  However, in 2/3rds of the incidents the victim did tell another person, usually a friend, not family or school officials.

Krebs, C.P., Lindquist, C.H., Warner, T.D., Fisher, B.S., & Martin, S.L. (2007). The Campus Sexual Assault (CSA) Study. National Institute of Justice.
 Findings from this report include:

  • Many women (88%) have never consumed a drink left unattended or consumed a drink given to them by a stranger (76%).
  • One-quarter of the sample (25%) reported consuming alcohol or drugs before sex at least once a month, and slightly fewer (23%) were drunk or high during sex at least once a month.
  • Eighteen percent experienced an attempted (13%) and/or completed (13%) sexual assault since entering college.
  • Among the total sample, 5% experienced a completed physically forced sexual assault, but a much higher percentage (11%) experienced a completed incapacitated sexual assault.
  • Sexual assaults were most likely to occur in September, October and November, on Friday or Saturday nights, and between the hours of midnight and 6:00 a.m.
  • Most victims of physically forced or incapacitated sexual assault were assaulted by someone they knew (79% and 88%).
  • Freshmen and sophomores are at greater risk for victimization than juniors and seniors.

Mohler-Kuo, M., Dowdall, G., Koss, M., & Wechsler, H. (2004). Correlates of Rape While Intoxicated in a National Sample of College Women. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 65, 37-45.

Findings from this report include:

  • In one study, one in 20 (4.7%) women reported being raped in college since the beginning of the year – a period of approximately 7 months – and nearly three quarters of those rapes (72%) happened with the victims were so intoxicated they were unable to consent or refuse.
  • One study found that students living in sorority houses (3 times at risk) and on-campus dormitories (1.4 times at risk) were more likely to be raped than students living off-campus.
  • Women from colleges with medium and high binge-drinking rates had more than a 1.5-fold increased chance of being raped while intoxicated than those from schools with low binge-drinking rates.
  • Women who had practiced binge-drinking in high school had an increased likelihood of rape while intoxicated.

Training Tools and Resources
Note: Some of the resources below have costs associated. Please contact the creators directly for access to these tools and resources.

Engaging Bystanders to Prevent Sexual Violence Information Packet (NSVRC)

The Perfect Shade of Change: Resources for Sexual Violence Preventionists Creating Safe and Healthy Communities (NSVRC)

Know Your IX  Know Your IX is a campaign that aims to educate all college students in the U.S. about their rights under Title IX.

New England Adolescent Research Institute (NEARI). Online Course: First Responders: Responding to Sexual Assault Disclosures. Targeting college and university staff. (For 2 CEUs; Cost associated)

A Call to Men: Committing to Ending Violence Against Women
Through seminars, workshops and other educational vehicles, A Call to Men challenges men to reconsider their long held beliefs about women in an effort to create a more just society. We achieve this by encouraging change in the behaviors of men through a re-education and training process that challenges sexism.

Sexversations
Sexversations® is a sexy, entertaining and powerful educational tool that’s all about inspiring straight talk and clever discussions about sex, intimacy, relationships, safety, sexuality, and questions to open your mind and challenge your conscience. We created the Sexversations® card game to encourage honest, healthy conversations about sex. Sexversations® can enhance your sexual literacy, sexual well being and sexual health and help you learn more about yourself, others and how to become safer, more secure and sexually empowered.

Campus Strength Program
Years of work on college campuses confirmed that building a sustained movement around primary violence prevention requires effective, replicable programming, support for student organizers, and mobilization of faculty, staff and other allies. Building on that experience, Men Can Stop Rape is bringing its model to colleges around the country. The Campus Strength Program supports existing organizations or establishes Men Creating Change chapters, acknowledging the positive work that men can do on college campuses to be strong allies in ending men's violence against women. Since every school is different, the Campus Strength program can be tailored to suit your campus' needs.

Welcome to the Party
A full teaching curriculum centered on a ½ hour film/drama designed for young adults and teenagers. The curriculum is designed to be presented by a qualified professional with experience in sexual assault prevention education. The detailed curriculum includes eight classroom activities, extensive lecture materials, supplemental student handouts, thorough background information, as well as resources and reference guides. The movie is in DVD format and all teaching curriculum materials are included as PDF files on a separate CD. The film includes multi-format viewing designed to allow the instructor many options in presenting the film and structuring discussions and lectures.

Mentors in Violence Prevention
Mentors in Violence Prevention (MVP) is a leadership training program that motivates student-athletes and student leaders to play a central role in solving problems that historically have been considered "women's issues": rape, battering, and sexual harassment. The mixed gender, racially-diverse MVP Program, composed of former professional and college athletes, motivates men and women to work together in preventing gender violence.

No Zebras
The first program to focus on bystander mentality, addressing the impact of intervention on situations of sexual aggression. It stresses sexual aggression can no longer be ignored, empowering students to speak up, take a stand, and help keep others safe! The vignettes are required for all incoming freshman students at Central Michigan University. Each vignette is performed by members of the nationally recognized group Sexual Aggression Peer Advocates and each topic is supplemented by current statistical information. (DVD is available for sale).

One in Four, Inc.
One in Four, Inc. is a 501 (c) 3 non-profit organization dedicated to prevent rape by the thoughtful application of theory and research to rape prevention programming. One in Four provides presentations, training, and technical assistance to men and women, with a focus on all-male programming targeted toward colleges, high schools, the military, and local community organizations. We also serve as an umbrella organization and support system for all-male sexual assault peer education groups who call themselves "One in Four " chapters. We distribute educational videos to organizations nationwide. In addition, we sponsor the "One in Four" national tour, whereby professional peer-educators travel nationwide to present rape prevention programs to boys and men.

Green Dot

The Green Dot strategy is a comprehensive approach to violence prevention that capitalizes on the power of peer and cultural influence across all levels of the socio-ecological model. Informed by social change theory, the model targets all community members as potential bystanders, and seeks to engage them, through awareness, education, and skills-practice, in proactive behaviors that establish intolerance of violence as the norm, as well as reactive interventions in high-risk situations – resulting in the ultimate reduction of violence.


Bringing in the Bystander
This prevention program emphasizes a bystander intervention approach and assumes that everyone has a role to play in ending violence against women. In addition to the prevention goal, the program has a research component which seeks to measure the effectiveness of the prevention program with different constituencies. Participation in this program and research project represents a unique opportunity for members of the UNH community to take on a leadership role in educating themselves on how to stop violence against women on the UNH campus. Curriculum is available, see the website.

The Line
This is a film that explores the intersection of sexual identity, power and violence. How do we negotiate our boundaries as sexually liberated women? How much are we desensitized to sexual violence? Through conversations with football players, educators, survivors of violence, prostitutes, and attorneys, this personal film explores the “grey area” and the elusive line of consent.

Campus Outreach Services
We impact the minds and hearts of the most critical audiences on today’s hot-button issues. We provide keynotes and workshops. We offer day-long conferences. We consult with schools on their risk management protocols and policies. We train faculty and staff members. We develop wellness curricula. Our areas of expertise include sexual violence, diversity, sexual harassment, bullying, hate crimes, healthy relationships, assertiveness, eating disorders, suicide and related risk issues. Our programs are current and captivating.

nformd.net
nformd.on.sexual.assault is an online program designed to help reduce sexual assault on college campuses by raising student awareness of the issue and by verifying student learning and participation. Because nformd.on.sexual.assault can verifiably educate students on your campus through pre- and post-testing and participation tracking, it can potentially effect the kind of campus-wide cultural change necessary to dramatically diminish sexual assault at your college.

STEP UP! A Prosocial Behavior/Bystander Intervention Program for Students
The University of Arizona C.A.T.S. Life Skills Program, along with the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) and national leading experts, has developed a new program called STEP UP! Be a Leader, Make a Difference. STEP UP! is a prosocial behavior and bystander intervention program that educates students to be proactive in helping others. Teaching people about the determinants of prosocial behavior makes them more aware of why they sometimes don’t help. As a result they are more likely to help in the future.

Let’s Talk About “IT”
An original program that addresses sexual assault on today's college campus, offers solutions for improved communication and encourages personal safety while speaking honestly about sex. Kelly and Becca share their personal experience of surviving sexual assault and the importance of their friendship in healing, while empowering students with both the desire and tools to help make each campus a safer place. This is an honest program with a refreshing and upbeat approach that inspires and empowers students to take action.

Men Against Sexual Violence


Public Education Materials
View the NSVRC's list of event suggestions and event planning materials.

Do You Ask? Educational Poster Series

The Red Flag Campaign

Know Your IX Campaign

Know Your Power™ Campaign

Promoting Awareness Victim Empowerment alcohol-facilitated sexual assault consent campaign

Take Back the Night

Films for the Feminist Classroom

This is Not an Invitation to Rape Me” poster series
 


Alcohol Use and Sexual Violence

U.S. Department of Education Higher Education Center. Sexual Violence and Alcohol and Other Drug Use on Campus.

National Online Resource Center on Violence Against Women (VAWnet) Applied Research Forum.
• Alcohol and Sexual Violence Perpetration.
• The Relationship Between Alcohol Consumption and Sexual Victimization.

Abbey, A. (2002). Alcohol-Related Sexual Assault: A Common Problem among College Students. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, Supplement 14, 118-128.

Columbia University Health Services. Alcohol and Sexual Assault: Risk Reduction and Alcohol Abuse.

College of William and Mary. Under the Influence: The Role of Alcohol.

Butler University. Alcohol and Sexual Assault.

 


For Administrators
American Association for University Women. How College Administrations Can Help Fight Sexual Assault.


For Student Activists

Know Your IX

Students Against for Ending Rape (SAFER). CHANGE HAPPENS anti-violence campus organizing manual. Free for students.

Watch PreventConnect Podcast with SAFER, Beyond Blue Lights.

The Center for Public Integrity. Reporter's Toolkit: Investigating Sexual Assault Cases on Your Campus.


For Law Enforcement
U.S. Department of Justice Community Oriented Policing Services. Problem-Oriented Guides for Police Series No. 17: Acquaintance Rape of College Students.


General Campus Resources

The Center for Public Integrity. Sexual Assault on Campus: A Frustrating Search for Justice (three-part series).

Los Angeles College Consortium Project (LACCP). Dealing with Campus Violence Against Women Website.

Office on Victims of Crime Message Board: Responding to Sexual Violence on Campus.

Sexual Assault Program Coordinators (SAPC) listserv
To join: https://list.mail.virginia.edu/mailman/listinfo/sapc

Students Active for Ending Rape (SAFER) Change Happens blog

California Coalition Against Sexual Assault Campus Program
(CALCASA is the technical assistance provider for grantees of the Office on Violence Against Women’s Grants to Reduce Domestic Violence, Dating Violence, Sexual Assault, and Stalking on Campus Program)

Campus Sexual Assault Response Teams: Program Development and Operational Management (Book)

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