This how-to guide provides comprehensive information on the clinical, legal, and operational aspects of developing and administering a community-based sexual assault nurse examiner (SANE) program. SANE programs provide a multidisciplinary, victim-centered response to sexual assault victims and enhance the collection of forensic medical evidence to improve prosecution of sex offenders. The Sexual Assault Resource Service in Minneapolis, Minnesota, developed the guide using expertise and lessons learned from existing SANE programs throughout the country.
Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner Development and Operation Guide

This bulletin from the Office for Victims of Crime describes the SANE program, designed to improve sexual assault medical evidentiary exams, and its value to victims and their communities. Information and resources to encourage individuals and agencies to explore starting a SANE program are provided.
Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner [SANE] Programs: Improving the Community Response to Sexual Assault Victims

Developed as part of a large research study on the work of Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners (SANEs) in the criminal justice system, this toolkit is designed to assist SANE program staff in evaluating how their program impacts the reporting, investigation, and prosecution of sexual assault cases in their community.

Step-by-Step Practitioner Toolkit for Evaluating the Work of Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) Programs in the Criminal Justice System

This document provides information on the laws and guidelines on forensic compliance and payment for sexual assault medical forensic exams in individual states or territories. Access the full report, or the summary to learn more.

The following bulletin provides information on creating a business plan for Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) programs by providing a realistic roadmap to sustainable healthcare practice. As part of the NSVRC SANE Sustainability Series, this bulletin reviews the basic steps for developing a sound business plan and explains each component. For more resources on this topic visit the SANE Sustainability Project.

This document is part of the NSVRC’s SANE Sustainability Series.  The relationship between a medical director and a Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) program coordinator is an important one. If you are looking for a medical director for your program, or are unsure whether the medical director you have is the right fit, this bulletin will provide some guidance and structure to identifying a compatible physician to add to the team. For more resources on this topic visit the SANE Sustainability Project.

The first in a series of bulletins related to Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) program sustainability, this publication provides information gathered from the NSVRC SANE Sustainability Technical Assistance Project. It discusses six key areas related to sustainability: investing in people, understanding budgeting, reframing education, mentoring future leaders, creating strategic alliances and program evaluation.   For more resources on this topic visit the SANE Sustainability Project. 

The purpose of this project was to determine whether adult sexual assault cases in a Midwestern community were more likely to be investigated and prosecuted after the implementation of a Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) program, and to identify the "critical ingredients" that contributed to that increase. The authors found that case progression through the criminal justice system significantly increased pre- to post-SANE, in that more cases reached the "final" stages of prosecution (I.e., conviction at trial and/or guilty plea bargains) post-SANE. The findings of study indicated that the SANE program has been instrumental in the creation of more complete, fully corroborated cases.  A step-by-step toolkit for evaluating the work of SANEs in the criminal justice system is also availalble.

Systems Change Analysis of SANE Programs: Identifying the Mediating Mechanisms of Criminal Justice System Impact

This spreadsheet was created to help SANE Programs review funding needs and opportunities for their programs. It is part of the SANE Sustainability Mobile App project.

This manual provides recommendations for law enforcement, medical, advocacy and forensic science professionals on the identification, collection and preservation of physical evidence and the minimization of trauma to victim/survivors of sexual assault.
Texas Evidence Collection Manual

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