This VAWnet Applied Research document describes current research findings on the effects of childhood and adulthood sexual victimization on women’s mental health.
The Psychological Consequences of Sexual Trauma

This policy paper offers recommendations for implementation of registration and notification based on existing research about the assessment and management of sex offenders.

This Applied Research paper examines the relationship between alcohol and sexual victimization. The paper focuses on victims’ experiences, including resistance during and psychological effects subsequent to alcohol-involved sexual assault incidents.
The Relationship Between Alcohol Consumption and Sexual Victimization

This report provides an overview of results from the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study. Two important findings are that "adverse childhood experiences are vastly more common than recognized or acknowledged and have a powerful relation to adult health a half-century later."
The Relationship of Adverse Childhood Experiences to Adult Health: Turning Gold Into Lead

 The Office for Victims of Crime is pleased to announce the release of the Vision 21: Transforming Victim Services Final Report, the first comprehensive assessment of the victim assistance field in nearly 15 years. The Vision 21 initiative gave participants the opportunity to engage with a broad spectrum of service providers, advocates, criminal justice professionals, allied practitioners, and policymakers to address crime victim issues through a lens broader than their everyday work. The result of this collective examination, the report seeks to permanently transform the way crime victims are treated in this country. The Vision 21: Transforming Victim Services Final Report discusses the following:

  • Major challenges to the integration of research into victim services.
  • The tremendous need for crime victims to have access to legal assistance to address the wide range of legal issues that can arise following victimization.
  • The impact of advances in technology, globalization, and changing demographics on the victim assistance field.
  • The capacity for serving victims in the 21st century and some of the infrastructure issues that must be overcome to reach that capacity.

Furthermore, the final report outlines recommendations for beginning the transformative change, which fall into the following four broad categories:

  • Conducting continuous rather than episodic strategic planning in the victim assistance field to effect real change in research, policy, programming, and capacity building.
  • Supporting research to build a body of evidence-based knowledge and generate, collect, and analyze quantitative and qualitative data on victimization, emerging victimization trends, services and behaviors, and victims’ rights enforcement efforts.
  • Ensuring the statutory, policy, and programmatic flexibility to address enduring and emerging crime victim issues.
  • Building and institutionalizing capacity through an infusion of technology, training, and innovation to ensure that the field is equipped to meet the demands of the 21st century.

The guide explains the Refugee Council approach to best practice in caring for women who have been subject to sexual violence, including rape. The guide has been written to assist staff in RCOs, Refugee Agencies and other welfare and advice organizations that provide services to refugee and asylum seeking women. It is also intended as a tool for staff in rape crisis centers and health service settings who encounter refugee and asylum seeking women who have been raped or exposed to sexual violence.
The Vulnerable Women’s Project Good Practice Guide: Assisting Refugee and Asylum Seeking Women affected by Rape or Sexual Violence

The YRBSS was developed in 1990 to monitor priority health risk behaviors that contribute markedly to the leading causes of death, disability, and social problems among youth and adults in the United States. These behaviors, often established during childhood and early adolescence, include: Tobacco use, Unhealthy dietary behaviors, Inadequate physical activity, Alcohol and other drug use, Sexual behaviors that contribute to unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV infection, Behaviors that contribute to unintentional injuries and violence.
The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System 2005

This document will introduce readers to primary prevention and to the concepts, terms and models that comprise this approach. It will explore the movement’s history for lessons learned and talk about how the work of preventing sexual violence connects directly and indirectly to the work that each of us in the movement does. Finally, it will help you talk the talk. We will explore the public health model and associated terminology so that you can use it if you need it (e.g., when talking with funders), but it will not be a main focus.

Tools for Change: An Introduction to the Primary Prevention of Sexual Assault

This 2 page fact sheet talks about sexual violence in detention and how the general public knows so little about the reality of sexual abuse behind bars.
Truths About Sexual Abuse in U.S. Detention Facilities

There is hopeful evidence that rates of child sexual abuse, as well as other forms of child maltreatment, are declining. However, there is equally concerning evidence that the actual rates of child sexual abuse may not be fully known because of significant barriers victims and community leaders face in reporting crimes. The following talking points provide information on definitions and rates of child sexual abuse.

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