This document will introduce readers to primary prevention and to the concepts, terms and models that comprise this approach. It will explore the movement’s history for lessons learned and talk about how the work of preventing sexual violence connects directly and indirectly to the work that each of us in the movement does. Finally, it will help you talk the talk. We will explore the public health model and associated terminology so that you can use it if you need it (e.g., when talking with funders), but it will not be a main focus.

Tools for Change: An Introduction to the Primary Prevention of Sexual Assault

This report presents the first findings about nonfatal violent and property crime experienced by persons with disabilities, based on the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS). The report includes data on nonfatal violent victimization (rape/sexual assault, robbery, aggravated and simple assault) and property crime (burglary, motor vehicle theft, theft) against persons with disabilities in 2007. It compares the victimization experience of persons with and without disabilities, using population estimates based on the Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS). Data are presented on victim and crime characteristics of persons with and without disabilities, including age, race and gender distribution; offender weapon use; victim injuries; and reporting to the police.
Crimes Against People with Disabilities, 2007

This Applied Research paper examines tort actions for sexual assault - law suits that seek financial compensation for wrongs that cause injury to the victim. The paper also discusses benefits and drawbacks of tort litigation for sexual assault survivors.
Civil Tort Actions Filed by Victims of Sexual Assault: Promise and Perils

This brief outlines the most promising local prevention strategies and policy changes to prevent child sexual abuse from happening in the first place.  The recommendations are designed to shift social and cultural norms that increase the likelihood of child sexual abuse and exploitation.

Sample recommendations include:

  • Decrease the saturation of media messages aimed at children by reviewing and rolling back the legislation that allowed advertising to children especially in children’s television programming.
  • Develop a rapid response media network to respond to breaking news with proactive prevention messages that incorporate an environmental and norms-based understanding of the causes and solutions of abuse.
  • Require staff training in organizations that work with children and youth specifically focused on developmentally appropriate sexuality and sexual behavior.

    With support from the Ms. Foundation, this brief is based on findings from  a convening of national experts and local leaders, expert interviews, and a review of the literature.

Transforming Communities to Prevent Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation: A Primary Prevention Approach

This Applied Research paper provides a review of the research focusing on LGBT survivors of sexual trauma and offers recommendations for culturally competent service provision to LGBT clients.
Culturally Competent Service Provision to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Survivors of Sexual Violence
 

This Applied Research paper examines the relationship between alcohol and sexual victimization. The paper focuses on victims’ experiences, including resistance during and psychological effects subsequent to alcohol-involved sexual assault incidents.
The Relationship Between Alcohol Consumption and Sexual Victimization

This Applied Research paper examines the frequent co-occurrence of alcohol and sexual violence perpetration. Identifying the different ways alcohol relates to perpetration can aid in the development of effective sexual violence prevention strategies.
Alcohol and Sexual Violence Perpetration

This report  describes the prevalence of sexual violence, rape, and violence against women in public life in Afghanistan and the failure of authorities to protect women's rights.
Silence is Violence :End the Abuse of Women in Afghanistan

This report documents persistent sexual violence by the army, and the limited impact of government and donor efforts to address the problem. The report looks closely at the conduct of the army's 14th brigade as an example of the wider problem of sexual violence by soldiers. The brigade has been implicated in many acts of sexual violence in North and South Kivu provinces, often in the context of massive looting and other attacks on civilians. Despite ample information about the situation, military, political, and judicial authorities have failed to take decisive action to prevent rape.
Soldiers Who Rape, Commanders Who Condone: Sexual Violence and Military Reform in the Democratic Republic of Congo
 

Nowhere to Turn is a report documenting the scope and long-term impact of rape and other sexual violence experienced by women who fled attacks on their villages in Darfur and are now refugees in neighboring Chad. This scientific study, conducted in partnership with Harvard Humanitarian Initiative (HHI), corroborates women’s accounts of rape and other crimes against humanity that they have experienced in Darfur, as well as rape and deprivations of basic needs in refugee camps in Chad.
Nowhere to Turn: Failure to Protect, Support and Assure Justice for Darfuri Women

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