This report summarizes the sexual violence information found in the World Report on Violence and Health from the World Health Organization. It looks at prevalence and risk factors of sexual violence, as well as promising sexual prevention approaches from around the world.

Negative health outcomes of sexual assault afflict all sexes, stemming from both childhood and adult sexual traumas. This research brief can help stakeholders, including sexual assault advocates and health care providers, understand the ways that sexual victimization can trigger or exacerbate physical and mental health conditions.

This bulletin provides an overview of recommendations from survivors and reseachers about how to improve survivors' experiences when interacting with the healthcare system.  Specific roles for advocates are discussed.

Healthcare Issues and Survivors of Sexual Violence

Violence and abuse occur in all age groups, at all socioeconomic levels, and throughout all of society’s structure. This paper reviews a sampling of the literature that supports the contention that violence and abuse lead to a significant increase in health care utilization and costs. Includes a graph that illustrates the conditions and health risk behaviors that are known or suspected to have a correlation with lifetime exposure to abuse.

Hidden Costs in Health Care: The Economic Impact of Violence and Abuse

This two page fact sheet provides general information on the impact of sexual violence on survivors, significant others and communities.

This report contains the results from a mulit-year study on the impact of Title V, Section 510 Abstinence Education Programs on youth behavior, including sexual abstinence, risks of pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases, as well as other related outcomes.
 
Impacts of Four Title V, Section 510 Abstinence Education Programs

This replication guide highlights one region’s efforts to address the difficulties of starting and sustaining SANE programs in rural areas. This guide was developed to help other rural regions decide whether a mobile SANE project, customized to their local needs, might be a viable option. It provides a checklist for replicating the project and access to materials developed during its implementation.

Related Resource:

West Virginia Mobile SANE Project, Final Report
This report details the process used in selecting the site and implementing the project as well as includes some of the documents created, such as job descriptions and contracts.
 
 
Implementing SANE Programs in Rural Communities

The goal of this report is to provide a synthesis of the empirical literature at both the local and national levels that has provided magnitude estimates of violence against American Indian a nd Alaska Native women along with a review of the methodologies on which the estimates are based. The report includes the crimes of homicide, rape and sexual assault, physical assault, and stalking.
 
Interpersonal Violence in the Lives of Urban American Indian and Alaska Native Women: Implications for Health, Mental Health, and Help-Seeking

This statement from the National Alliance to End Sexual Violence discusses legislative solutions proposed to address the backlog of sexual assault forensic exam kits. It lists the essential elements needed to resolve this issue through legislation.

This report describes the successes and challenges of reducing backlogs of DNA evidence in the nation’s crime laboratories and describes some of the solutions that are increasing lab efficiencies. Data was collected from more than 120 public laboratories that receive grants under NIJ’s DNA Backlog Reduction Program.

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