This research brief, reviews articles that explore the connection between childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and subsequent sexual victimization in adulthood. It demonstrates the significant link between childhood and adulthood sexual revictimization, as well as related health problems.

Brief-CoverThe purpose of this research brief is to highlight the relationship between sexual violence and the workplace, and examine gaps in existing research.  This rearch brief will allow advocates to connect the research on sexual violence and the workplace to their work with the clients they serve.

This research brief is part of the Sexual Violence and the Workplace information packet.  View the full packet, or other publications included in this packet.

Sexual Violence Against Women: Impact on High-Risk Health Behaviors and Reproductive Health by Sandra L. Martin and Rebecca J. Macy with contributions from Janice A. Mirabassi (June 2009) This Applied Research paper provides a brief overview of research on the impact of sexual violence on females' high-risk health behaviors and reproductive health, focusing on studies of sexual assault or rape experienced primarily during adulthood. Sexual Violence Against Women: Impact on High-Risk Health Behaviors and Reproductive Health

This brief reviews research on risk and protective factors related to sexual violence in later life.
 
Browse all contents of The Sexual Violence in Later Life Information packet.  This packet was developed by Holly Ramsey-Klawsnik, Phd, in conjunction with the National Sexual Violence Resource Center. The packet includes a fact sheet, technical assistance bulletin, technical assistance guide, resource list, annotated bibliography, research brief and an online collection.

The majority of teens have been involved in a romantic relationship. The following  brief, Telling It Like It Is: Teen Perspectives on Romantic Relationships, summarizes findings from focus groups that explored what teens themselves have to say about these relationships.  
 
Among the findings:- Teens view respect, trust, and love as essential to healthy relationships.- Teens have a clear understanding and expectation of what defines a healthy romantic relationship.- Teens' relationships typically fall short of their own standards of healthy romantic relationships.- Infidelity, relationship violence, and few role models contribute to teens' low expectations for healthy relationships. Telling It Like It Is: Teen Perspectives on Romantic Relationships

This issue of the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (Vol. 56, No. RR-7) from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provides a summary of findings from a review of evidence concerning the effectiveness of universal school-based violence prevention programs.
The Effectiveness of Universal School-Based Programs for the Prevention of Violent and Aggressive Behavior

This policy paper offers recommendations for implementation of registration and notification based on existing research about the assessment and management of sex offenders.

The review examines the existing peer-reviewed scholarly and grey literature from industrialized and developing regions. Over 400 items on sexual assault, including books, journal articles, news articles, research reports, annual reports, discussion papers and monographs were examined. The review outlines the historical and contemporary medico-legal responses to sexual assault victims, broadly describing the professionals, protocols and procedures involved in the collection and processing of medico-legal evidence. Findings are presented from studies that have evaluated the legal impact of such evidence in sexual assault cases, and factors that may create barriers to its successful use in criminal justice proceedings are discussed. The review identifies salient knowledge gaps and offers research recommendations for addressing them.
The Uses And Impacts Of Medico-Legal Evidence In Sexual Assault Cases: A Global Review

This brief outlines the most promising local prevention strategies and policy changes to prevent child sexual abuse from happening in the first place.  The recommendations are designed to shift social and cultural norms that increase the likelihood of child sexual abuse and exploitation.

Sample recommendations include:

  • Decrease the saturation of media messages aimed at children by reviewing and rolling back the legislation that allowed advertising to children especially in children’s television programming.
  • Develop a rapid response media network to respond to breaking news with proactive prevention messages that incorporate an environmental and norms-based understanding of the causes and solutions of abuse.
  • Require staff training in organizations that work with children and youth specifically focused on developmentally appropriate sexuality and sexual behavior.

    With support from the Ms. Foundation, this brief is based on findings from  a convening of national experts and local leaders, expert interviews, and a review of the literature.

Transforming Communities to Prevent Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation: A Primary Prevention Approach

The Research & Advocacy Digest is a publication of the Washington Coalition of Sexual Assault Programs. It was originally conceived as a tool to help sexual assault advocates stay informed about new developments and recent research related to the work of sexual assault victim advocacy. This issue focuses on the public health approach to sexual violence.
Understanding Sexual Violence Using a Public Health Model

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